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Metaphorical meaning of some sanskrit terms

Metaphorical meaning of some sanskrit terms

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Some Sanskrit terms explained
Some Sanskrit terms explained

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Published by: phobanobic on Mar 30, 2008
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Metaphorical Meaning ofSome Sanskrit Terms
 Abhimanyu
: other name for Saubhadra.
 Abhimanyu
comes from
abhi
, which means to destroy,and
manyu
, which means all evil and vicious qualities in human beings.
 Aditi
:
a
(no) +
diti
(duality).
 Adityas
: divine illumination arising from unity with the indwelling Self.
ahamkara:
ego. The scriptures define
ahamkara
as
abhimanatmika ahamkara
—“This egoisticfaculty claims that ‘I am the doer, I am, I am.’” It is the third of the
antar karanachatustaya
, the four internal instruments.
 
 Airavata
(Indra’s elephant): extreme attachment to sense of touch; mind
 Ananta
(Vishnu’s snake): divine light in pituitary; white (milk), gold (
ananta
) and blue (Vishnu);
vayu
 
añjali
: comes from
anj
, to get illumination.
antar karana chatustaya
: the four internal instruments:
anuçásana
which means the directive or the discipline or teachings. The realized master teachesthe disciples to discipline the mind and senses and directs them in the path of perceptionof the inner reality.
anuraga
: means “extreme desire”.
árati
:
a
means all-pervading God and
rati
, means devotion towards the Lord.
argala
: wooden bar used to lock doors from the inside in ancient India. Metaphorically, to goinside the body-house (as in
argala stotra
, 23 verses from the
 Márkandeya Purána
byVyasa, extolling the Divine Mother as the destroyer of demons. Customarily recitedbefore the Caòæi Saptaçati.
 Arjuna
:
a
—“no,”
rajju
—“rope,” the symbol of bondage, and
na
—“no.” Although he is free, hethinks he is in bondage. Also from
arj
, “to earn”.
artha
:
artha
(money) and Paramartha (God) are both necessary for a man in the world. Butwithout Paramartha there is no life. With the same effort used to earn money you shouldpursue God realization.
 Ashutosh
(another name of Shiva) meaning, “Who is quickly satisfied”.
ashvattha
:
açvattha
comes from
a
(not) +
çva
(for tomorrow) +
tha
(to remain): the human body.
 Ashvatthama
is an immortal soldier and the son of the fickle person Dronacharya.
 Ashvatthama
 means to have a disposition of being constantly on the go, or relentless like a machinethat is constantly running. One desire after another comes from an endless chain withoutreal satisfaction being obtained.
 Asita
:
a
(no) +
sita
(in bondage)
 Asti
, eldest wife of king Kamsa. Her name means “existence”, i.e. the power of God is within.
atha
: the word
atha
has six meanings:
mangala
(auspiciousness),
 prousma
(question),
karyarambha
(initiation),
anatara
(thereafter)
adhikar
(qualification/right),
 pratijna
(promise), relating to the six chakras from the
muladhara
(bottom center)
 
to the
ajña
(soul-center)
.
b)
buddhi
(intellect)
 
 Bakasura
was a giant bird that would swallow young children in Vrindavan. Shri Krishna toreoff its bills when he was but three years old.
 Bhárata
:
bha
(divine illumination) +
rata
(engrossed). India; name of Arjuna, or Dhritarashtra.
bharyanie
is usually translated as “wife”, but its real metaphorical meaning is “breath.” InSanskrit it is said
bharayeti iti bharya
—“the wife, i.e. breath, is maintaining the wholebody.”
 Bhima
means “ferocious and powerful.” Bhima is the son of Vayu (air, wind). The breath in eachhuman being is the son of air.
 Bhishma
means firm determination of mind. He promised not to marry and never to enjoy sexualpleasure. It is good, but due to his extreme pride, he committed some mistakes.
 Bhrigu
:
 Bh^gu
comes from
bhraj
, to roast (i.e. the
samskaras
through meditation)
 Bhurishrava
: son of Somadatta.
 Bhurishrava
means hesitation and is derived from
bhuri
and
shrava
.
 Bhuri
means many, and
shrava
means to hear. Bhurishrava was a great warrioron the side of Kaurava, but he was fickle-minded.
 Brahmacari
: comes from
brahmani charati iti brahmachari
, which means that “he who revels inBrahman is a
brahmachari
.”
brahmahari:
from
brahma vicáraòa
, to be in God-consciousness.
 Brahmacáriòi
is the secondname of Durga in the
nava durga.
 
brahmana
: one who always remains merged in
kutastha
.
 Brihaspati
:
 B^haspati
comes from
b^hati
(speech) +
 pati
(Lord): Lord of speech, or air.
buddhi
: intellect. The scriptures define
buddhi
as
nischayatmika buddhi
—“the intellect (
buddhi
)is the deciding faculty of man.”
 Buddhi
discriminates between what is good and what isbad, and decides what should be done. It is the second of the
antar karana chatustaya
,the four internal instruments.
 
c)
ahamkara
(ego)
chandra:
in the
Puruäa Súkta
, a Vedic hymn, it is said
candramámanaso játaà
: the moon is bornfrom the cosmic mind of God.
Chandraghanta
:
candra
(moon) and
ghanta
(bell). Third name of Durga in the
nava durga
.
Chekitana
: a spiritual warrior on the side of Pandava.
Cekitana
comes from
cekit 
, which meanswithin a short time and is also the name of a small cricket-like insect, and
tan
, whichmeans the divine sound and the various melodies which are the inaudible talk of God.
Chitraratha
:
Citraratha
comes from
citra
(colorful) +
ratha
(chariot), name of the king of the
gandharvas
: in the body-chariot, one perceives divine colors and sounds.
chitta
: memory. The Scriptures say that
chitta
is
anusandhanatmika
or
smaranatmika
—“Theinvestigating faculty or the faculty of memory is
chitta
”. This
chitta
is born out of humanexperience through the mind and the mind becomes activated from memory or
chitta
.
Chitta
is the computerized memory of the brain.
Chitta
can be compared to the ocean,and the mind is compared to the waves. It is the fourth of the
antar karana chatustaya
,the four internal instruments.
chora kothari
: “the secret chamber”. If the mind is always fixed on the divine sound constantlyand enjoy being in the secret chamber.
d)
chitta
(mind stuff/memory)
daitya
: demon; inner propensities, thoughts
 Daksha
: one who is adept, efficient. Dakäa symbolizes the mind.
damayatám
(rulers) and
daòæa
(power, restraint) both come from
dama
(to control, restrain)
 
 Damodara
, a nickname given by Yashoda to Shri Krishna, which means “very big belly”.
 Dasharatha
:
 Daçaratha
comes from
daça
(ten doors) +
ratha
(chariot): human body.
deha
: body. It is derived from
dahyati
, “that which is constantly burning”. The body is constantlyburning with desires and attachments.
 Devadutta
. Cousin of Buddha. His name literally means, ‘the gift of God’.
 Devala
: (a.k.a. Ashtavakra):
deva
(vacuum) +
lam
(
bija
of earth)
devarshi
:
devaräi
comes from
deva
(he who roams in vacuum) +
^äi
(man of right vision)
 Dhanamjaya
:
dhanam
(wealth, i.e. delusion) +
 jaya
(victory).
 Dhana
: 6 negative qualities: fearof birth, death, happiness, sorrow, hunger and thirst)
 Dharma
: explained as
dhárayati yáà sáà dharma,
“that which supports is
dharma
”. Religion,righteousness. True meaning: breath.
 Dharmakshetra
: another name for the battlefield of Kurukshetra. It comes from
dharma
, whichmeans spirituality, and
kshetra
, field.
 Dhrishtadyumna
: he is the brother of Draupadi and the son of Drupada.
 Dh^äóa
means“obstinacy, restlessness”, and
dyumna
means the power to control the obstinacy whichcomes from the external world.
 Dhrishtaketu
: a great warrior on the side of Pandava.
 Dhrishtaketu
comes from
dh^äóan ketava yaà saà
.
 Dhrishtan
means without head, having only a body, while
ketu
is a dragon's tail.So Dhristhaketu is always seeking his head.
 Dhritarashtra
:
dh^ta,
“to hold, to control” and
raätra
, “the kingdom”.
 Dhritam raätra yena sadhritaraätra
: “The one who wants to rule the kingdom is Dhritarashtra.”
 Dronacharya
comes from the word
druban
, which means something that rolls this way and that,like water on the leaf of a lotus. It is restlessness.
 Drupada
is a king, as well as the father-in-law of the Pandavas, father of Draupadi,Dhrishtadyumna, and Shikhandin. His name is short for
druta pada
, which means you areto walk quickly and to finish your duty. A more specific meaning is that you shouldmeditate and complete your technique to realize the superconsciousness within youwithout wasting time.
 Duhshasana
. Prefix
duà
means “with difficulty”, the root verb
äas
, “to control, to discipline, toadministrate”, and the suffix
anat 
“one”. Thus Duàäasana symbolizes anger. He isdominant in the eyes (red, blood-shot eyes).
 Durga: durge durgati náçinyai nam
: one who relieves you from all difficulties (
durgati
)
 Duryodhana
:
 yodh
: “to fight”, with prefix
duà
: “difficult” and suffix
anat 
: “one who”. In theGita it is said
 yahi shatru mahabaho kama-rupa dura sadam
: “O mighty-armed, fightwith your greatest enemy,
rupa
(desire)”. Thus Duryodhana is the symbol of 
kama
,desire, passion.
 Dwiti-Krishna: dwiti
means
 
“second.” Arjuna was thus known as the second Krishna.
dyuta
(dice): illumination
Garuda
:
Garuæa
is the king of eagles, and Viäòu’s mount. He is one who can digest even poison.
ghanta
(bell) represents the
náda
or divine primordial sound,
dírghapraòavanáda
,
anáhata náda
.
gomamse
traditionally is translated as “beef”. But metaphorically it breaks down into
go
+
mam
 +
sa
.
Go
means “the whole universe”,
mam
“to me”, and
sa
means He, the SupremeAlmighty Lord. Hence
gomamse
means “He, who is abiding in the whole universe, istaking me to God.”

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