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Code No: RR311003

# Code No: RR311003

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12/13/2009

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Code No: RR311003
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. The operation of a pneumatic comparator is represent by theequation p
/
P = 1
.
10
b M
/
C for 0
.
6
>
p
/
P
>
0
.
8 Where, P= supply pressure,p - pressure between measuring and control oriﬁcesb = constant = 0.5 for p of Kg
/
Cm
2
,M=TIDLL = Separation between the nozzle surface and the surface to be gaugedD - Measurement oriﬁce diameterC = control oriﬁce are
π/
4d
2
The control oriﬁce is 0.5mm diameter and the measuring oriﬁce is 1mm diameterhole.Calculate(a) The range of linear measurement(b) Measuring head, pneumatic gauge and overall sensitivities. The back pressuregauge has a deﬂection of 20mm for 0.01Kg / Cm
2
pressure change . Air supplypressure is constant at 2Kg
/
Cm
2
(gauge)(c) Calculate the range and overall sensitivity of the pneumatic comparator in theabove problem if the control oriﬁce diameter is changed to 1.0 and all otherfactors remain same What do you conclude from this problem ? [5+5+6]2. (a) Describe in detail about the principle of rotational velocity measurement.(b) How will you measure relative velocity ? Discuss brieﬂy about the basic Prin-ciple of any one method of relative velocity measurement. [8+8]3. (a) How will you measure rotational speed by using electric tachometer?(b) Give its classiﬁcation.(c) Explain the basic principle behind the same. [6+5+5]4. Compare the following torque measuring instruments(a) absorption type(b) Transmission type(c) Stress type(d) Deection type [4X4=16]5. (a) Explain the principle of vibration Exciters.(b) With the help of sketches, explain the working of direct drive vibration exciter.[8+8]1 of 2

Code No: RR311003
Set No. 1
6. Suggest some methods that may be used to measure speciﬁc gravity. Explain howa Buoyancy method is used to measure density. [16]7. (a) List some devices for measuring viscosity in laboratory and industry. Explainany one of them.(b) Explain velocity gradient for viscosity liquids by way of a velocity proﬁle curve[8+8]8. (a) Describe relative humidity can be determined by measuring dew point tem-perature.(b) Explain how dielectric constant changes with humidity changes. Explain lim-itations. [8+8]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2

Code No: RR311003
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION(Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What are the possible sources of errors in electronic comparator.(b) Write a brief note on Electronic comparator(c) Mention the characteristics of pneumatic comparators [5+5+6]2. (a) Calculate the frequency ratio for which the error in acceleration is 1% if thedamping factor is 0.7.(b) A Seismic Accelerometer sensing displacement has an undamped frequency of 20Hz and a damping ratio 0.7. Calculatei. Its damped frequencyii. The amplitude ratio and phase angle between the motion of the seismicmass and the applied vibration, if the later is a sinusoidal displacementat a frequency of 30 Hz. [8+8]3. (a) A variable reluctance type tachometer has 60 rotor teeth. The counter records3600 counts per second. Determine the speed in rpm.(b) An Inductive pick up operating from a 60 tooth wheel is used with a digitalfrequency meter to determine the speed of rotation of a shaft on which thewheel is mounted the gating period is set to 10
4
µ
s and a reading of 0.024is obtained on 4 digital display. What shaft speed does this represent inr.p.s ? if the available gating periods are 10
2
,
10
3
,
10
4
,
10
5
,
10
6
,
10
7
and10
µ
srespectively, which would be the optimum setting of gating period for makingthis measurement.(c) While measuring speed of a steam turbine with Stroboscope single line imageswere observed for Stroboscope setting of 3000, 4000 and 5230 rpm. Calculatethe speed of the turbine. [5+6+5]4. Explain the measurement of torque using gyroscopic transducer. Derive its transferfunction. [16]5. (a) Explain the basic principle of frequency measurement using digital frequencycounters.(b) What are the applications of frequency counters? [9+7]6. What is a strain gauge? Explain the strain gauge load cell method of measuringdensity. [16]7. (a) Explain the following terms:1 of 2