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Slender Columns

Slender Columns

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Published by: abhinav02 on Dec 13, 2009
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07/13/2010

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 Module10
Compression Members
Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
 
 Lesson27
Slender Columns
Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
 
Instructional Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, the student should be able to:
define a slender column,
give three reasons for its increasing importance and popularity,
explain the behaviour of slender columns loaded concentrically,
explain the behaviour of braced and unbraced single column or a part ofrigid frame, bent in single or double curvatures,
roles and importance of additional moments due to P- effect andmoments due to minimum eccentricities in slender columns,
Δ
 
identify a column if sway or nonsway type,
understand the additional moment method for the design of slendercolumns,
apply the equations or use the appropriate tables or charts of SP-16 forthe complete design of slender columns as recommended by IS 456.
11.27.1 Introduction
Slender and short are the two types of columns classified on the basis ofslenderness ratios as mentioned in sec.10.21.5 of Lesson 21. Columns havingboth
ex 
 /D
and
ey 
 /b
less than twelve are designated as short and otherwise, theyare slender, where
ex 
and
ey 
are the effective lengths with respect to major andminor axes, respectively; and
D
and
b
are the depth and width of rectangularcolumns, respectively. Short columns are frequently used in concrete structures,the design of such columns has been explained in Lessons 22 to 26, loadedconcentrically or eccentrically about one or both axes. However, slender columnsare also becoming increasingly important and popular because of the followingreasons:(i) the development of high strength materials (concrete and steel),(ii) improved methods of dimensioning and designing with rational andreliable design procedures,
Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur

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