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Troubleshooting and Repair of Consumer Electronics Equipment

Troubleshooting and Repair of Consumer Electronics Equipment

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Published by: roger_moore566716 on Dec 13, 2009
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Troubleshooting and Repair of ConsumerElectronics Equipment
Contents:
Chapter 1) About the Author & Copyright 
Chapter 2) Introduction 
2.1) Getting into troubleshooting 
2.2) Nick's comments on 'how to learn repair' 
2.3) If you decide that you don't want to bother repairing something 
2.4) Smoking around electronic equipment 
Chapter 3) Basic troubleshooting 
3.1) Some of my rules of troubleshooting 
3.2) Some quick tips or rules of thumb 
3.3) On-line tech-tips databases 
3.4) Getting inside consumer electronic equipment 
Chapter 4) Tools, Test Equipment, and Other Stuff  
4.1) Hand tools 
4.2) Basic test equipment 
4.3) So you can't afford a $20,000 transient event recorder? 
4.4) Transformers - isolation and variable 
4.5) Isolation transformers 
4.6) Typical homemade isolation transformer 
4.7) Isolation transformers from dead microwave ovens 
4.8) How safe is a homemade isolation transformer? 
4.9) Variable autotransformers 
4.10) Variable isolation transformers 
4.11) Variac/isolation transformer with current limiting 
4.12) What about the scope ground? 
4.13) Basic Ancillary Equipment 
4.14) Incredibly handy widgets(tm) 
4.15) Miscellaneous 
4.16) Making a bench power supply from a PC power supply 
Chapter 5) Soldering and Desoldering Equipment and Techniques 
5.1) Solder is not glue 
5.2) Soldering equipment 
5.3) Soldering techniques 
5.4) Desoldering techniques 
5.5) Nick's comments on successful desoldering techniques 
5.6) Soldering pins in plastic connectors 
Chapter 6) Supplies and Parts 
6.1) Lubricants, cleaning agents, and other liquidy or slimy stuff  
6.2) Adhesives 
6.3) Electronic sealers and potting compounds 
6.4) Electronic parts 
6.5) Mechanical parts 
Chapter 7) Sources of Information and General Comments 
7.1) References 
7.2) Manufacturer's service literature 
7.3) Identifying OEM manufacturer - FCC numbers 
7.4) Sams' Photofacts 
7.5) Inside cover of the equipment 
7.6) Additional sources for service information and manuals 
 
Page 1 of 55Sci.Electronics.Repair FAQ: Troubleshooting and Repair of Consumer Electronics Eq...28/04/2006http://www.repairfaq.org/REPAIR/F_tshoot.html
 
7.7) Canadian schematics source 
7.8) Reverse engineered schematics 
7.9) Mark's approach to finding information 
7.10) Parts information and cross references 
7.11) Transistor designations 
7.12) Surface mount parts 
7.13) House numbers 
7.14) Generic parts (mostly semiconductors) 
7.15) HP-to-industry standard semiconductor cross-reference 
7.16) Internet sources of information 
7.17) Are there schematics of consumer electronic equipment on the Web? 
7.18) Taking the unit to a repair shop 
7.19) Searching for information from the USENET newsgroups 
7.20) Posting to sci.electronics.repair 
Chapter 8) Parts Sources 
8.1) Where to go for parts 
8.2) Web parts information and ordering 
8.3) Mail order parts sources 
8.4) And, don't forget Radio Shack  
Chapter 9) Perfecting your skills 
9.1) Where to find equipment in need of repair or abuse 
9.2) Paul's comments on the 'well equipped garage or flea market sale-er' 
9.3) And, how Paul equipped his home lab 
9.4) Too bad about the good old days 
9.5) Harrie's notes on repair 
9.6) Roger's comments on troubleshooting [Document Version:
1.35
] [Last Updated:
05/25/1998
]
Chapter 1) About the Author & Copyright
Troubleshooting and Repair of Consumer Electronics Equipment
Author: Samuel M. GoldwasserCorrections/suggestions: |Email Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998All Rights ReservedReproduction of this document in whole or in part is permitted if both of the following conditions aresatisfied:1.This notice is included in its entirety at the beginning.2.There is no charge except to cover the costs of copying.
Note: this document includes and superseeds the documents: "Repair Briefs,an Introduction" and "Sources of Information and General Comments".
 
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Page 2 of 55Sci.Electronics.Repair FAQ: Troubleshooting and Repair of Consumer Electronics Eq...28/04/2006http://www.repairfaq.org/REPAIR/F_tshoot.html
 
Chapter 2) Introduction
2.1) Getting into troubleshooting
This document attempts to provide an entry to the world of consumer electronicstroubleshooting and repair. It also covers test equipment selection, toolsand supplies, parts, home made troubleshooting aide - Incredibly HandyWidgets(tm) - and safety.Mostly, you will learn by doing. However, you do need to prepare.There are many schools dedicated to electronics repair. Some of these arequite good. Many are not. This document, however, is written from theperspective of the motivated do-it-yourselfer, hobbiest, and tinkerer.The Repair FAQs usually list suggested references for each area. Yourlocal public or university library will probably have some of these orother repair oriented electronics books.Above all read and understand the document: "Safety Guidelines for High Voltage afabulous large screen won't be of much use to you if you are dead.Collect broken electronics and appliances from your friends, relatives,the dump, garage sales and flea markets, etc. Start on those that havebeen written off - you will screw up at first. We all did. As times passes,your batting average will improve. It may not happen overnight but itwill happen if you apply yourself. There will be many relatively easysuccesses but the 'tough dogs' may make up for these triumphs. Don't letthem get to you - not everything can be repaired. Sometimes, the basicdesign is flawed or someone before you messed up royally. Troubleshootingis like being a detective but at least the device is generally not out todeceive you.Experience will be your most useful companion.If you go into the profession, you will obtain or have access to a varietyof tech tips databases. These are an excellent investment where the saying:'time-is-money' rules. However, to learn, you need to develop a generaltroubleshooting approach - a logical, methodical, method of narrowing down theproblem. A tech tip database might suggest: 'Replace C536' for a particularsymptom. This is good advice for a specific problem on one model. However,what you really want to understand is why C536 was the cause and how topinpoint the culprit in general even if you don't have a service manualor schematic and your tech tip database doesn't have an entry for yoursick TV or VCR.While schematics are nice, you won't always have them or be able to justifythe purchase for a one-of repair. Therefore, in many cases, some reverseengineering will be necessary. The time will be well spent since evenif you don't see another instance of the same model in your entire lifetime,you will have learned something in the process that can be applied to otherequipment problems.As always, when you get stuck, the sci.electronics.repair newsgroup will stillexist!Happy repairing!
Page 3 of 55Sci.Electronics.Repair FAQ: Troubleshooting and Repair of Consumer Electronics Eq...28/04/2006http://www.repairfaq.org/REPAIR/F_tshoot.html

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