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Revised Draft

Revised Draft

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Published by Eva Lloyd

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Published by: Eva Lloyd on Dec 13, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/23/2011

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CONTENTS
 
Page No.
1.
Introduction12.Conventional cupola2
3.
Divided blast cupola84.Air Supply System12
5.
Raw Material17
6.
Cupola charge calculation20
7.
Refractory22
8.
Front Slagging Spout26
9.
Cupola Instrumentation28
1
 
10.
Cupola operation31
11.
Cupola Troubleshooting32
12.
Cupola log Sheet34
13.
Process Failure Factors36
 INTRODUCTION
Cupola is very versatile melting unit. With the advent of modern cupoladesign, instrumentation and cupola opearational techniques ,it is nowpossible to get high strength cast iron, alloy cast iron and even S.G.iron from the cupola . In recent years world class raw material such asPig iron, coke are now available in India. We also now get betterrefractory which can withstand at higher temperatures for longerdurations .However, it is observed, that, most of the cupola units arenot taking any advantage of these modern facilities and are stillfollowing the age old design and practices. This cupola ready reckoner is prepared specially for all the foundrymen, cupola operators and supervisers to get the ready made cupola dataat their finger tips. The important facts are given in the form of charts,tables and figures. Also very important details, such as, Conventionaland Divided Blast Cupola structural details and front slagging spoutpreparartional details are given. Specifications of pig iron, coke,limestone, bricks etc are also included. Moreover, most neglected
2
 
areas like blower and instrumentation are, dealt in, length toemphasise their importance.It has been observed that many cupola units fail to get optimumresults even after modernization of the system . This is due to thefailure of adopting the technology in toto. To understand this, Processfailure factors are also given.I am sure that foundrymen will find this ready reckoner very useful.Mrs.S.S.Karkhanis
Conventional Cupola - sectional view
3

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