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Welding Pipeline Handbook

Welding Pipeline Handbook

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Published by chanchai T
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Published by: chanchai T on Dec 13, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/25/2014

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INTRODUCTION 
..............................................3Joint details .............................................................4Joint types ...............................................................5Electrode positioning angles ...................................6Pipe classification ...................................................7Consumption of electrodes .....................................11ASME / EN positions ..............................................13
THE MANUAL METAL ARC PROCESS 
...........................................................15
General information 
..............................................16Filler materials ........................................................17Pipeweld cellulosic electrodes ................................17Basic electrodes ......................................................19Basic electrodes - Technical data............................20Cellulosic electrodes - Technical dfata.....................22
WELDING TECHNIQUES AND OPERATIVE PRACTICES 
.................25
General information 
..............................................26
Pipe welding in vertical down (downhill)with cellulosic electrodes
1 - Preparation and tacking .....................................272 - Joint in 5G/PG position ......................................293 - Joint in 6G/H-L045 position ...............................35
Welding of pipes in vertical up (uphill)with mixed cellolosic/basic technique
1 - Preparation and tacking .....................................382 - Joint in 5G/PF position ......................................403 - Joint in 2G/PC position ......................................444 - Jioint in 6G/H-L045 position ..............................47
DEFECTS: CAUSESAND REMEDIES 
......49
AUTOMATIC PIPE WELDING 
....................53
General information 
..............................................54Filler materials ........................................................55Welding techniques and operational practices .......57Examples of WPS ...................................................58Comparison between three welding methods..........62Defects and remedies .............................................63
List of contents 
1
 
2
Presentation 
Every day countless kilometres of steel pipelines are installedworldwide for the most varied civil and industrial uses.They form real networks comparable to a system of road networks,which, although not so obvious, are definitely much more intricate andcarry fluids that have become essential for us.To comply with technical specifications and fulfil the necessary safetyrequisites, special materials and welding processes which haveevolved with the sector have been developed in recent years.The main welding process used to install the pipelines is
manualwelding with coated electrode
, which, thanks to its ease andversatility, is still the one most used.However, to limit costs and increase welding productivity, particularlyon long routes, various constructors have adopted the semi-automaticor completely automatic
welding process with solid wire or wireflux coated with gaseous protection
.This handbook describes both methods.Ample space has beendedicated, in particular, to manual welding, with particular reference tothe operative practice and quality assessment, due to its considerableuse still today, but not neglecting more modern and productivemethods which will be increasingly used in future.The presumption of this work is to be able to satisfy the mostdemanding technician and welder, but, in particular, to supply eachuser with useful information and a solid operative basis, as regardsthe processes and filler materials and the welding equipment.
 
INTRODUCTION

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