LETTERS OF MARQUE AND REPRISAL20.
The notions of “fair play and substantial justice” as well as “good faith” in any relation requirethe Congress for the United States of America to perform the duties agreed upon in the State andNational Constitutional agreements.21.
Without a foundational agreement, for government to interface with its beneficiaries, societywould have no compact to stem from and operate within. The State and Federal constitutions arethose agreements upon which all Rights, contractual or unalienable, rest with governmentalprotections therein.22.
The United States Constitution states in Article 1 section 10, “no state . . . shall pass any lawimpairing the obligation of contract.”23.
Article I, Section 8, paragraph 11 of the U.S. Constitution authorizes Congress to "grant Lettersof Marque and Reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water." A "reprisal" meansan action taken in return for some injury. A reprisal could be a seizing of property or guilty personsin retaliation for an attack and injury. It could include force used against the perpetrators for theredress of grievances. A reprisal could even involve killing a terrorist who is threatening furtherharm and cannot be captured.24.
LETTER OF MARQUE AND REPRISAL War: A commission granted by the government to aprivate individual, to take the property of a foreign state, or of the citizens or subjects of such state,as a reparation for an injury committed by such state, its citizens or subjects. A vessel loaded withmerchandise, on a voyage to a friendly port, but armed for its own defense in case of attack by anenemy, is also called a letter of marque. 1BoulayPaty,tit.3,s.2,p.300.
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2. By the constitution, art. 1, s. 8, cl. 11, congress has power to grant letters of marque andreprisal. Vide Chit. Law of Nat. 73; 1 Black. Com. 251; Vin. Ab. Prerogative, N a; Com. Dig.Prerogative, B 4; Molloy, B. 1, c. 2, s. 10; 2 Woodes. 440; 6 Rob. Rep. 9; 5 Id. 360; 2 Rob. Rep. 224.And vide Reprisal.