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-Mechanical Engineering - Vehicle Design

# -Mechanical Engineering - Vehicle Design

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12/06/2010

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Mechanical EngineeringME 481Vehicle DesignFall 2000
Lecture Notes
By Richard B. Hathaway, Ph.D., PE  Professor  Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering

Section 1Energy ConsumptionandPower Requirements in Design
2

Aerodynamics and Rolling Resistance
GENERAL FORMULAS - AERODYNAMICDynamic Pressure:
2
21
v P
ρ
=
Drag Force:
)(21
2
R f  Av F
ρ
=
Av F
2
21
ρ
=
20
)()2.1( 21
vv A F
+=
Aero Power
f(RE) A(2) = P
3
ρ
C
d
= coefficient of drag
ρ
= air density
1.2 kg/m
3
A = projected frontal area (m
2
)
f(RE) = Reynolds number
v = vehicle velocity (m/sec)V
0
ENGLISH UNITS
A )10 X (6.93= H
3-6 aero
where:A = area (ft
2
)V = velocity (MPH)C
d
= drag coefficient
3