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Chapter C9-Cycling in Parks and Open Spaces PDF

Chapter C9-Cycling in Parks and Open Spaces PDF

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Published by: Cian Ginty on Dec 14, 2009
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DRAFTFOR NOMINATED STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ONLY
 
C9.1Chapter C9: Cycling in Parks and Open Spaces (Draft National Cycle Manual – July 2009)
Chapter C9: Cycling in Park and Open Spaces
C9.1 General
This chapter discusses the rationale for cycling in parks and open spaces byreference to Quality of Service and the main transport needs of cyclists. Ithighlights issues of concern in relation to pedestrian-cyclist interaction, andoffers guidance on how these issues may be resolved to the satisfaction ofboth modes.This Chapter should be read in conjunction with:
Chapter A8: Cycling in Rural AreasChapter B3: Assessment of Quality of ServiceChapter B8: Link OptionsChapter C8: Cyclists and PedestriansChapter C16: Two-way CyclingChapter D4: Developing a Maintenance ProgrammeC9.2 Rationale
Parks and open spaces offer an ideal environment for cycling, and aresuitable for both commuter and leisure cycling – 
For the commuter, they can be linked to external facilities to providecontinuity as part of an area-wide cycle network.
For leisure activities, the park or open space can function as adesirable destination in its own right, and can be especially attractivefrom the perspective of the less-experienced user.
Public parks can serve as a “seed-bed” for young children learning tocycle.
 
DRAFTFOR NOMINATED STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ONLY
 
C9.2Chapter C9: Cycling in Parks and Open Spaces (Draft National Cycle Manual – July 2009)
Photo C9.2.1: “A desirable destination in its own right”
Cycle facilities in parks and open spaces are consistent with the maintransport needs of cyclists (see Chapter B3:
“Assessment of Quality of Service”
for further discussion) – 
No. Transport Need Rationale for Consistency
1. Road Safety
Cycle facilities are located away from vehicular traffic in what is generally perceived to be a safe,non-threatening environment
 
 
2. Coherence
Cycle facility can function as part of a coherentand continuous network when linked to externalcycle facilitiesIt can also function as a coherent stand-alonefacility
 
3. Directness
Design focus centred on cycle mode as other vehicular modes do not have to be catered for Detours and delays can be eliminated or minimised
 
 
4. Attractiveness
Parks and open spaces offer a pleasant, “stress-free zone” for cyclists because of the ambient“green” environment
 
 
5. Comfort
Parks and open spaces allow for cycle facilitieswith good, clean surfaces that are easy to cycleon
 
Table C9.1:
Consistency with main transport needs of cyclists
The cycling environment in parks and open spaces can provide improvedQuality of Service for all users. While the benefits for leisure cyclists areobvious, the rationale for usebycommuter and other types of utility cycling(e.g. school travel) should not be underestimated either.Parks and open spacescan actas barriers to coherence (continuity) oncommuter routes.However, providing a linked cycle route through the park can create a more direct route for the commuter, resulting in shorter journeytimes and the elimination of on-road detours.
NOTE:
Because of the sensitivity of the receiving environment, the following keypoints should always be adhered to by the designer when providing cyclefacilities through parks and open spaces:
 
DRAFTFOR NOMINATED STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ONLY
 
C9.3Chapter C9: Cycling in Parks and Open Spaces (Draft National Cycle Manual – July 2009)
The Local Authority Parks and Landscaping Department should beconsulted during the initial stages of the project, and also at preliminaryand detailed design stages.Ideally, landscape consultants should be involved as part of the designteam when designing cycle facilities through Parks and Open Spaces
 
C9.3 Design/Maintenance Issues
A2003study on cycling in parks,
Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown Cycle Survey”
,found that cyclists andpedestrianshave broadly similar views in relation toprovision and management of cycle facilities in parks and open spaces, i.e.that these facilities meet the needs of cyclists without prejudicing therequirements of other users, and can add, rather than take from, therecreational value of the area for all users (see Figure C9.1).
Figure C9.1:
 
Impact of cycle facilities on recreational value (DLRCC Cycle Survey, 2003)
 [NB, Graph should read “Category of Respondent”]While the overall consensus is generally positive among cyclists andpedestrians, there are a number of potential conflicts associated with cyclingin parks and open spaces that can impact on one or other mode, or both.These are listed in Table C9.2.
 
Conflict Comment1.
Conflict between cyclistsand pedestrians on sharedsurfaces
 
the conflict can be exacerbated if thefacility has insufficient width
2.
Priority and right-of-way unless otherwise stated, pedestrians havepriority, and cyclists must always give way(see Chapter C8: “Cyclists and

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