In general, many advances were made in medicine and development of pharmaceutical industry, but the use of herbal medicine has not beenreduced which is true for the advance countries as well as in under developed countries. It is some what paradox, therefore, that at a time whenthere is unprecedented number of the therapeutic drugs available for thetreatment of disease, that herbal remedies continue to be demanded by the general public. In fact, this demand is increasing each effective herbal remedies. WHO has done some work on it and they made some criteria inrespect of evaluation / determination of adverse effect and features of herbal remedies and that are general information like scientific name, synonym, vernacular names, geographical distribution, description, plant part, organoleptic properties, microscopic characteristics, powered plant material, general identification test, purity test, pesticide residues, heavymetals, radioactive residue, chemical assay, major chemical constituentsmedicinal use supported by chemical data and its pharmacology.Major problem is the nature of herbal ingredients, which arecomplex mixtures of constituents and that varies with environment and genetic factors. Furthermore, the constituents responsible for the claimed therapeutic effects are frequently unknown or partly explained. Control of herbal ingredient in starting material and finished product is also problemand needs extensive studies and researches.The extracts of Tridax procumbens have been reported to have various pharmacological effects,like antimicrobial activity, anti-inflammatory activity, Antidysentery, Antidiarrhoeal, Hypoglycemic effect, Antibacterial, Antiseptic, Insecticidal properties and to prevent the falling of hair.
Biological source: -
It consist of dried wholes plants of tridax procumbens belonging to familyAsteraceae.Leaves:-