CHAPTER 2: RELIGION AND GENDER ROLE ATTITUDES INTAIWAN
Utilizing a large scale nationally representative survey (KAP) and in-depth interviews, this studyexamines the association between religion and gender role attitudes in Taiwan. My findings showthat members of conservative religious groups such as Taiwan Protestants and the new religiousmovement Yi-Guan-Dao are more likely to view women’s work as having a negative impact onfamily life and more likely to support traditional men-as-breadwinner, women-as-home-maker gender roles. On the other hand, Catholics and secular groups tend to hold more liberal views of gender roles, especially regarding men’s participation in the house and financial contribution from both genders. I also discuss the theoretical implications of these findings.
During the past three decades, Taiwan has transformed from an agricultural society to one of themost developed societies in East Asia. Modernization has dramatically increased women’s participation in the labor force and enrollment in mandatory education. However, scholars also notedthat the patriarchic nature of gender relations stay strong (Gallin 1982, Yu 2001, Xu and Lai 2002).The dominant household division of labor is still traditional, with the form of men-as-breadwinner and women-as-homemaker. More than half of women who have work experience before marriagewill leave the labor force because of childbirth or family obligations (Yi and Chien 1999). Theincreased acceptance and participation in work outside of the home does not bring a more egalitariangender role ideology (Yu 2001). Demographers and family scholars have paid substantial attention to