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Computer Components Presented by Wahidullah Shahaadat

Computer Components Presented by Wahidullah Shahaadat



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Published by: mcsea on Dec 15, 2009
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IN THE NAME OF ALMGHTY ALLAHComputer Components Part 1
Identify the fundamental principles of using personal computers
>Identify the names, purposes and characteristics of storage devicesFDD
(floppy disk drive)
has only 1.4 Mb storage space. Was used for backup of data andmode of transferring data from one PC to another. As of 2005 3½-inch drives were stillcommon equipment on many new PCs other than laptops. But have become pretty muchobsolete, portable storage options, such as USB storage devices and recordable or rewritableCDs / DVDs have taken its place.Floppy Connection on Motherboard Floppy Drive
(hard disk drive) is a data storage device that stores data on a magnetic surface layeredonto hard disk platters.As of June 2006 the smallest desktop hard disk still in production has a capacity of 40gigabytes, while the largest-capacity internal drives are a 3/4 terabyte (750 gigabytes), withexternal drives at or exceeding one terabyte by using multiple internal disks.
Types of Hard Drives
(Enhanced Small Disk Interface) was an interface developed by Maxtor toallow faster communication between the PC and the disk.
(Small Computer System Interface) was an early competitor with ESDI,originally named SASI for Shugart Associates.
(Advanced Technology Attachment, also known as EnhancedIntegrated Drive Electronics)
(Serial ATA)
CD / DVD / RW (e.g. drive speeds, media types)
Compact Disc Read-Only Memory Used for data storage and data transfer. Astandard 120mm CD-ROM holds 650 or 700 Mb of data.
Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc is an optical disc storage mediaformat that can be used for data storage, including movies with high quality video and sound.DVDs resemble compact discs as their physical dimensions are the same but they areencoded in a different format and at a much higher density allowing for a greater datacapacity of about 4.7 GB
CD-RW recorder can rewrite 700 MB of data to a CD-RW disc roughly 1000 times.
CD-RW recorders can also write CD-R discs. Except for the ability to completelyerase a disc, CD-RWs act very much like CD-Rs.
CD-RWs cannot be read in CD-ROM drives built prior to 1997.
CD-R is considered a better technology for archival purposes as disc contents cannot be modified.
Rewritable optical disc with equal storage capacity to a DVD-R, typically 4.7 GB.
Primary advantage of DVD-RW over DVD-R is the ability to erase and rewrite to aDVD-RW disc.
DVD-RW discs may be written to about 1,000 times before needing replacement,making them comparable with the CD-RW standard.
DVD-RW discs are commonly used for volatile data, such as backups or collectionsof files.Dual Layer recording allows DVD-R and DVD+R discs to store significantly more data, upto 8.5 Gigabytes per disc, compared with 4.7 Gigabytes for single-layer discs.
>Removable storageTape drives
mainly for backup and long-term storage. Can be connected with SCSI (mostcommon), parallel port, IDE, USB, FireWire or optical fibre. Tape drives can range incapacity from a few megabytes to upwards of 800 GB compressed.
External CD-RW and hard drive
May be used for backup, easy transfer of data to another PC, and are good choices for offsite backup data storage in case of fire et..
Thumb drive, flash and SD cards
small, lightweight, removable and rewritable data storagedevices. Some recent USB flash drives act as two drives - as a removable disk device , and asa USB floppy drive. This is likely intended to make it easier to use them as a bootable device.
>Identify the names, purposes and characteristics of motherboards
A motherboard, also known as a mainboard, logic board, or system board, and sometimesabbreviated as mobo, is the central or primary circuit board of the computer. A typicalcomputer is built with the microprocessor, main memory, and other basic components on themotherboard. Other components of the computer such as external storage, control circuits for video display and sound, and peripheral devices are typically attached to the motherboard viaribbon cables, other cables, and power connectors.
Form Factor
Form factor refers to the size and format of motherboards
ATX (Advanced Technology Extended)
is a full size board measuring 12" wide by 9.6"deep (305 mm x 244 mm)
BTX (for Balanced Technology Extended)
was originally slated to be the replacement for the aging ATX motherboard, but it has not been widely accepted by the market as of early2006.
is a small motherboard size of 9.6" x 9.6" (244 mm x 244 mm). Compared to fullsize ATX, microATX has reduced the amount of I/O slots but a smaller power supply can beused.
>ComponentsCommon Motherboard Layout
(INTEL Socket T (LGA775))3

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