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MySAP.com Technologies:

MySAP.com Technologies:

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Published by: jigavia on Dec 15, 2009
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mySAP.com Technologies:
mySAP CRM not only enables companies to generating and maintaining customer loyalty but italso enables you to optimize your customer relationships as a whole and throughout the life cycle -from customer acquisition through sales processes and order fulfillment to customer service.
mySAP E-procurement supports B2B procurement of both production materials and indirectmaterials.
mySAP BI components:1.SAP Business Information Warehouse (SAP BW)2.SAP Strategic Enterprise Management (SAP SEM)
One of the central modules of mySAP SCM is the Advanced Planner & Optimizer (APO)
APO includes:1.Supply Chain Cockpit2.Demand Planning3.Supply Network Planning and Deployment4.Production Planning and Detailed Scheduling5.Global Available-to-promise
There are basically two ways of accessing an SAP component in dialog mode from the Internet1.Using SAP Internet Transaction Server (SAP ITS)2.Using the Internet Communication Manager (ICM) of the SAP Web Application Serve(SAP Web AS)
The SAP ITS provides the following options:1.Automatic conversion of SAP screens into HTML format2.Use of screen-based IACs (Internet Application Components) that have been deliveredwith the R/3 System for years.3.Use of the SAP GUI for HTML, a 1:1 conversion of SAP screens into HTML.
The ICM enables you to process directly queries that were placed from the Internet/Intranet via a browser.
The Web browser and ICM communicates using Business Server Pages; these are HTML pagesthat also contain ABAP coding.
SAP GUI for HTML cannot currently be used with the ICM.
SAP supports the TCP/IP and SNA LU6.2 (System Network Architecture; Logical Unit 6.2) protocols.
LU6.2 was developed by IBM and is used to communicate with mainframe-based R/2 Systems.
R/3 application programming supports CPI-C (Common Programming Interface Communication),RFC and OLE as communication interfaces.
Other interfaces are based on technologies such as BAPIs (Business Application ProgrammingInterface), ALE (Application Link Enabling) and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange).
ALE is the business-controlled message exchange1.Through synchronous and asynchronous communication.2.Using BAPI interfaces and IDoc data containers3.Using consistent data4.Across loosely linked SAP applications.
RFC is based on CPI-C.
RFC is the protocol for calling special subroutines over the network. These subroutines are labeledfunction modules.
There are
three types of RFC
 
calls
1.
Synchronous RFC call: Calling program waits until the called program gives response tothe calling program.
2.
Asynchronous RFC call: Calling program does not wait.
3.
Transactional RFC call: Several function modules can be grouped into one transaction.They are processed in the destination system within an LUW once only, and in thesequence in which they were called.
SAP Service Marketplace under http://service.sap.comis aimed at SAP customers and partners.
 
At SAP Service Marketplace you can get information regarding1.Service requirements2.Corrections3.Problem messages4.Current Output/ messages?5.Notes database (Patches)6.Training course information7.SAP software change registration
You must be registered as a user to use the SAP Service Marketplace.
SAP provides a program for starting the SAP GUI that is SAP Logon.
When you call up the SAP Logon, it displays a list of SAP systems whose logon process can bestarted. This list is derived from a file on the front-end computer:
saplogon.ini.
SAP systems are
client systems.
 
The BW and KW components use one client only.
Each user session only accesses data on the client that you selected when you logged on.
A
client
is a self-contained organizational unit in the system.
Each client has its own data environment and therefore, its own user master and transaction data.
Multiple logons are recorded.
If the same user logs on more than once, then the system displays a warning message for eachsubsequent logon.
The
SAP Easy Access
screen is the standard way to access the system.
Screen Elements.
1.Command field2.Menu ba3.Standard toolba4.Application toolba5.Title ba6.Checkboxes7.Radio buttons8.Tab9.Status ba
Role
describes a number of activities in the system that it makes sense to define.
Roles/ activity groups
must be set up using the Profile Generator so that SAP system users canwork with user-specific or work station-related menus.
When users are assigned roles, they can choose between the standard SAP menu and their user menus.
“/n” ends the current transaction
“/i” deletes the current session
“/oSM04” opens a new session and branches to the specified transaction (SM04).
System menu option contains:1.Create/end session: System administrators can use parameter rdisp/max_alt_modes to setthe maximum number of sessions to a number between 2 and 6.
2.
User profile: contains user-specific settings. Choose
Own Data
to use parameter IDs thatfill specific fields in the system with default values.3.List: important list functions, such as searching by character string, saving to PC files, printing and so on.4.Status: displays the most important user and system data.
You can set personal standard values by choosing
System
User Profile
Own Data.
Client-specific customizing settings are client specific and applicable to that client only.
In addition to client-specific customizing settings, there are other settings that are set once and areactive for all clients. These settings include printer settings.
The Repository is also client-independent (Cross-Client). It contains all ABAP Dictionary objectsas well as all ABAP programs, menus, screens, and so on.
It is advisable to have three clients while implementing SAP viz., Development Client, TestingClient and Production Client.
Customers add their enhancements using
Customer Exits.
 
Modifications
change SAP objects.
Any object name starting with
‘Y’ or ‘Z’
is stored in the customer’s namespace.
Data entered by the user is sent through the user interface (the SAP GUI) to the dispatcher, whichcoordinates further processing.
The
dispatcher is the central process
of the application server.
The dispatcher manages in association with the operating system, the resources for the applicationswritten in ABAP.
Main tasks of dispatcher:
1.Distributing transaction load to the work processes2.Connecting to the presentation level3.Organizing communication
User input is received by the SAP presentation program SAPGUI, converted into its own formatand then sent to the dispatcher.
The processing requests are then saved by the dispatcher in request queues and processedaccording to the FIFO principle.
Data is actually processed in the work process.
There is no fixed assignment of work processes to users.
During initialization, the
dispatcher executes the following.
1.It reads the system profile parameters2.starts work processes3.Logs on to the message server.
SAP GUI Types:
 1.Windows 32 bitSAP GUI for Windows
2.
Java Application SAP GUI for Java3.Browser-BasedSAP GUI for HTML
An Internet Transaction Server is used for the SAP GUI for HTML to turn the SAP GUI data flowfrom the dispatcher into HTML, and conversely.
The primary advantage of the SAP GUI for HTML is the low installation cost for the Front-end;all you need is a browser.
The data, tables, and table relationships are defined in the database catalog (the data dictionary) of the database system.
Within the ABAP programming language, you can use
SAP OPEN SQL
to access data in thedatabase regardless of your database management system. The mySAP.com database interfaceconverts Open SQL statements from ABAP statements into corresponding database statements.
 Native SQL commands can be used directly in ABAP.
When interpreting Open SQL statements, the SAP database interface checks the syntax of thesestatements and ensures the optimal utilization of the local SAP buffers in the shared memory of theapplication server.
Data that is frequently required by the applications is stored in these buffers so that the systemdoes not have to access the database to read this data..
What can be buffered?1.Application data (screens, programs, ABAP dictionary info., business administration parameters)2.Business application data.3.Data that is frequently required by applications.
Types of work processes:
Work ProcessAllowed per mySAP.comSystemAllowed per dispatcherD
 Dialog--At least two
S
SpoolAt least oneMore than one allowed
U – 
Update At least oneMore than one allowed
B – 
Background At least twoMore than one allowed
E – 
Enqueue Only one--
The
Message Server
(MS or M) communicated between the distributed dispatchers within amySAP.com System.

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