Flux Current Control
Stator current (I
) is made up of active and reactive current.The reactive current component of stator current produces therotating magnetic field. The active current produces work. Motornameplate data is entered into the drive. The drive estimatesmotor magnetic flux based on the measured reactive statorcurrent and the entered nameplate data. Proprietary internalcomputer algorithms attempt to keep the estimated magneticflux constant.If the motor nameplate information has been correctly enteredand the drive properly set up, the flux current control modewill usually provide better dynamic performance than simpleV/Hz control. Flux current control automatically adapts the driveoutput to the load. The motor is always operated at optimumefficiency. Speed remains reliably constant even under varyingload conditions.
Sensorless Vector Control
In the past, the dynamic response of a DC motor was generallyconsidered significantly better than an AC motor. An AC motor,however, is less expensive and requires less maintenancethan a DC motor. Using a complex mathematical motor modeland proprietary internal computer algorithms vector control isable to exert the necessary control over an AC motor so thatits performance is equal to that of a DC motor. Vector control,flux vector, and field orientation are terms that describe thisspecialized control technique of AC drives.Vector control systems facilitate independent control of fluxproducing and torque producing elements in an inductionmotor. Sensorless vector control calculates rotor speed basedon the motor model, calculated CEMF, inverter output voltage,and inverter output current. This results in improved dynamicperformance compared to other control methods.When motor speed is calculated at very low speeds, based on asmall CEMF and known corrections for stator resistance, slightvariations in stator resistance and other parameters will have aneffect on speed calculation. This makes vector control without atachometer impractical below a few hertz.