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Motor Standards

Motor Standards

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Published by: kodandaram on Dec 16, 2009
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IS 325 : 1996
(v7GTg;rftzrJr
Indian Standard
THREE-PHASE
INDUCTION MOTORS -SPECIFICATION(
FiJth Revision )
First Reprint AUGUST 1997ICS 29.160.30
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
MANAK BHAVAN. ‘) BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARGNEW DELHL 1 lOOC)2
( Reaffirmed 2002 )
 
Rotating Machinery Sectional Committee, ET15FOREWORDThis Indian Standard (Fifth &vision) was adopted
by
the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draftfinalized by
the
Rotating Machinery Sectional Commiltcc had been approved by the ElcctrotcchnicalDivision Council.This standard had been first issued in 195 1 and covcrcd motors with Class A insulation for use on mediumpssurc systems. An amen&xl version of this standard was published in 1956 to include motors withclass B insulation also.
The
standard was complctcly revised in 1959 to incorporatca ‘number of significantchanges so as to bring the standard .in conformity with the manufacturing practice at that
time and
also
lo take into account
the work done at
IEC
lcvcl
with respect to short
time and intcrmittcnt rating. Thesecond revision of this standard was issued in 1961 to inlroducc the following modifications:i) Inclusion of motors with Class E insulation:ii)
A
lest
for balancing of motors;iii) Inclusion of prcfcrrcd kW ratings up IO
250 kW, the range of kW ratings coved by the standardwas also Icfl unlimilcd; andiv) Inclusion of two new
classes of ratings, that
is, rating for periodic duly and for continuous dutywith inlcrmiltcnt load.This standard was amended in 1965 to cater for \roltirges up to and including 1 I 000 volts.The third revision wYs issued in 1Y70 with a view to aligning this standard with IS 4722
:
1968. Most of
the relating clcctrical machines that
arc used in praclicc
arc only thr&-phase induction tiolors. Keepingthis I’XI in view the Committee responsible for the prcp;lr:ition of this standard decided to retain it 3s ;Iscparatc st:ind:ird although the rcyuircmcnts of thcsc motors wcrc also covcrcd in IS 4722
: 196X. It was
I’clr
that
this standard would not only help the large ;im(junt of users and manufxlurcrs of
thcsc
motors
but also facilitate in undcrstnncling the rcquircmcnts of three-phase motors lti the small manufacturers.The important features of this revision wcrc 3s follows:i) Distinction bctwccn the terms duly and
rating w;~sclearly brought oul. The molors wcrc classifiedinto tight duty types
IO
frlcilitatc the purchaser
of
a
motor to dcclarc a particular duty type nccclcdfor his application. Thcsc
duly
types wcrc illuhlratcd by lime-scqucncc
graphs also.ii) With the availability of IS 4691
:
INS which rcprcscnlcd intcrnirtional practice, the lypcs ofcnclosurcs for motors covcrccl in this standard wcrc also aligned with the above Indian Standard.iii)
With the publication of IS 4728
:
1975, and IS G-389 196X the corresponding clauses were deletedand rcfercncc
made to rhcsc stanclarcls.With a view to achieving conservation of materials, lhc: trcncl in manufacture of induction
motors in the
country
is towarcls greater USC
of
Class
E or higher tcmperaturc in&x insulation. Motors having windingswith Class A insulation wcrc rctaincd in
lhc slandard for
the interim pcriocl lill motor manufaclurcrsparticularly in the small scale sector arc also :rhle IO completely changcovcr from the mnnuf’aclurc ofClass A
10
Class
E motors.The fourth revision was issued with a view to include motors with Class F and H insularion as thcsc typeof motors arc also bcins manufaclurcd in the country now.
NO’l‘l:
Motorx wilh Class 14 insulation should lx used whc‘n Chss I3 or I; inxuhlcd molar?, arc’ lound lo be no1 su~~nble. Specialprcca ulicms may be ncccssary in lhc design and USCol lhcse motors such as in the chnice
oi ~~CXCS I hc:~r~ng,rushgrades
nvIc‘\b 01 Ihc high ICI11I~Crillurc-riscs Ihill might bc encounlcrcd.
The fifth revision has been undertaken:To include optional tests such as tests for vibration scvcrily, noise Icvels, degree of protection bycnclosurc, temperature rise at limiting
ViilUCS
0r voltage
and
frequency variation, ovcrspecd, andinsulation system.Marking clause has also been amended to include bearing sizes, lubricant and lubrication material
ilS
oplional rcquircmcnts.
(Co~?linucd on Ihird corvr)
 
IS
325
:
1996
Indian Standard
THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS -SPECIFICATION(
Fifth Revision )
1 SCOPE
1.1 This standard covers three-phase inductionmotors for voltage up to and including 11000 Vandhaving windings with Class A to Class H insulation(see IS 1271
:
1985). The motors covered by thisstandard are assigned any one of the ratings givenin 9.3.1.2 Motors for use on systems employing non-preferred voltage and frequency (see 8) shall beconsidered as complying with this standardprovided that these comply in all respects. Thevoltage and frequency for which they are designedshall be indicated on the rating plate of the motor.2 REFERENCE STANDARDS2.1 The standards given in Annex A are necessaryadjuncts to this standard.3 TERMINOLOGY3.0 For the purpose of this standard, the followingdefinitions in addition to those given in IS 1885(Part 35)
:
1993/IEC 50(411)
:
1993 shall apply.3.1 Full
Load
The state of a motor rotating at normal speed underrated conditions when rated output is required ofit.3.2 OverloadAny load in excess of the rated load, usuallyexpressed numerically as the amount percentageexcess torque for motors.3.2.1
Sustained OverloadAn
overload sustained for a sufficient long periodto effect appreciably the temperature of the motor.3.2.2
Momentary OverloadAn
overload the duration of which is so short as notto affect appreciably the temperature of the motors.3.3
Rating
The whole of numerical values of the electrical andmechanical quantities with their duration andsequences assigned to the motor by the manufac-turer and stated on the rating plate, the motorcomplying with the specified conditions.
NOTE - The duration may be indicated by a qualifyingterm.
3.4
General Purpose MotorsA
motor designed in standard ratings with standardoperating characteristics and mechanical construc-tion for use under usual service conditions withoutrestrictions to a specific application or type ofapplication.4 SITE CONDITIONS4.0 The following shall constitute the normal siteconditions.4.1 Altitude and TemperatureMotors shall be designed for the following siteconditions unless otherwise agreed between themanufacturer and the purchaser.4.1.1
Altihlde
Altitude not exceeding 1 000 metres. Motorsintended for service on sites where the altitude is inexcess of 1000 metres are covered.4.1.2
Temperahire
The cooling medium temperature not exceeding40°C. Motors intended or service with a coolingmedium temperature other than 4G”C are covered.4.2 Form
and Symmetry of Voltages andCurrents
The motor shall be so designed to be able to operateunder the conditions given in
4.2.1.4.2.1
In the case of an ac motor, the supply voltageis assumed to be virtually sinusoidal as defined in(a) below. In the case of a polyphase motor, thesupply
voltages
are also assumed to form a virtuallybalanced system as defined in (b) below:
a)
The voltage is considered to be virtuallysinusoidal, if, when supplying an ac motor atrated load, the waveform is such that thedifference between the instantaneous value

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