History of the Philippine Educational System
Education in the Philippines evolved from early settlers to the present. Education in thecountry is in great importance because it is the primary avenue for upward social andeconomic mobility. Philippine educational system has a very deep history from the past inwhich it has undergone several stage of development going to the present system ofeducation.
Education from Ancient Early Filipinos
The education of pre-Spanish time in the Philippines was informal and unstructured. Thefathers taught their sons how to look for food and other means of livelihood. The motherstaught their girls to do the household chores. This education basically prepared theirchildren to became good husband and wives.Early Filipino ancestors valued education very much. Filipino men and women knows how toread and write using their own native alphabet called alibata. The alibata was composed of17 symbols representing the letters of the alphabet. Among these seventeen symbols werethree vowels and fourteen consonants.
Educational System During Spanish Period
The educational system of the Philippines during the Spanish times was formal. TheReligious congregations paved the way in establishing schools from the primary level to thetertiary level of education. The schools focused on the Christian Doctrines. There was aseparate school for boys and girls. The wealthy Filipinos or the Ilustrados wereaccommodated in the schools. Colonial education brought more non-beneficial effects to theFilipinos.Educational Decree 1863The first educational system for students in the country was established by virtue of theEducation Decree of 1863. In furtherance, the decree required the government to provideschool institutions for boys and girls in every town. As a consequence, the Spanish schoolsstarted accepting Filipino students. It was during this time when the intellectual Filipinosemerged. The Normal School was also established which gave men the opportunity to studya three-year teacher education for the primary level.
Educational System During American Period