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This Issue Contains a Lengthy Report on the Important Venice

This Issue Contains a Lengthy Report on the Important Venice

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Published by ozanali
Neo-Lithics
Neo-Lithics

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Published by: ozanali on Dec 16, 2009
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05/05/2011

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Editorial
ned, though sterile sediments have yet to be reached. Thestratigraphy is complex, with at least five recognised distinctThis issue contains a lengthy report on the important Venice architectural phases, all provisionally assigned to the Middlemeetings, and in this report is a list of the new working groups. It Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (MPPNB) dating to the early 9th mil-has been almost five years since any substantive work has beenlennium BP (uncalibrated).undertaken by the original working groups, and we hope with the
..-,
,
new reorganization that progress can begin again. We encourage
.
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readers of
Neo-Lithics,
particularly graduate students and new
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M.A.s and Ph.D.s, to become involved in one or more of theseteams and contribute to the goals of improving the standards oflithics research and communication. We hope that the coordina-tors of the groups will work patiently and persistently to facili-
a
.
UPPER AREA
jlO?O
tate the interchange of opinions within the specific themes, and
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:
:
that reports on developments will be submitted to Neo-Lithics in
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a timely manner for distribution to the larger community of
:
9.
Neolithic scholars.
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*
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:
The Venice gathering has also shown that the PPN Chipped
*
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*
3
,
-,
Lithics Workshops established as an accepted forum of exchange,
:xi
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KFAR HAHORESH
1997
with the next meetings planned to take place in Nidge (in 2001)
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and probably in Irbid (in 2004).
I:
3
9
We would also like to take this opportunity to wish you all a
s
!
6.
&
I
happy and productive 1999, and that none of us will suffer any
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consequences of the Y2K bug.Gary
0.
Rollefson
&
Hans Georg K. Gebel
.............................................
The
1997
Season of Excavations at the Mortuary Siteof Kfar HaHoresh, Galilee, Israel
Nigel Goring-Morris, Rosemary Burns, Angela Davidzon,
: :
MAIN
EXCAVATION AREA
Vered Eshed, Yuval Goren, Israel Hershkovitz, Steve Kangas,
OM5
and J. Kelecevic (Hebrew University, Jerusalem)
-
ntroduction
,
e
1
-8
6
c
(
A fifth season of excavations, lasting from mid- June
L..,
through the end of July 1997, was conducted at the Pre-Pottery
Fig.
1.
Plan
of the Kfar HaHoresh excavations at the end of the
1997.
Neolithic B (PPNB) mortuary centre of Kfar HaHoresh in the
Principle Results
Nazareth Hills, Lower Galilee, Israel. Excavations focusedupon the expansion of what was previously called the MiddleThe results indicate that the area investigated this seasonArea, now encompassing some 290 m2, which have joined upcan be broadly divided into three principal activity areas:with the more limited exposures in the Lower Area, previously1. Funerary installations.dug in 1994, so that a total of some 320 m2 have now been2. Midden deposits. Immediately upslope to the south are mid-opened (Figs. 1
-
2). Selected portions of the area were deepe-den deposits, perhaps representing associated cult practices.
RD:
RECENT DISTURBANCE
PRODUCTION AREA
H:
HEARTH
PH:
POST
HOLE
S:
STELEPLASTER
SURFA
plastered surfaces are shaded.
 
Fig.
3.
"Depiction" of the profile of an animal drawn with human and animal bones in Locus 1151 (shown in black)
-
the animal faces to the right.Note that the hind legs and belly of the animal have been disturbed by a later primary burial. Another poorly preserved "drawn" panelis located to the north of the post-hole in L1162. lm grid scale.Fig.
4.
Photograph of the animal "depiction"
in
Locus 1155.
3.
Production area. Much of the eastern side of the site displaysan emphasis upon industrial and maintenance activities.No obvious domestic architecture has been encountered todate in any of the excavated areas, lending support to the inter-pretation of the site as a cult centre associated with mortuarypractices.
Funerary Installations
The western side of the Main Area was used primarily for~nortuary nstallations. Here, on the western side of the trencha series of lime-plastered surfaces was investigated. Removalof one of these revealed the most spectacular find of the season: a large, shallow ash-filled pit (Locus 1155) into whichmostly disarticulated human and animal bones had been inten-tionally set and arranged to form a 1.5m long collage or depic-tion of an animal in profile (Figs.
3-4
and Note
1).
The head,foreleg, back and tail were all clearly indicated, while the bellyand hindleg unfortunately had been disturbed by the inclusionof a slightly later primary human interment, which had pushedthe other bones comprising the picture to one side. The humanremains used to outline the picture included long bones from atleast four individuals, as well as the remains of gazelle.Although it is unclear precisely what animal the "painting" de-picts (wild boar, wild cattle, lion?), there can be no doubt thatthis was an intentional arrangement: the mouth was indicated
2

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