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Http Www.whatmattersonline.com Sources Frontsite Display File.php File=Slideshow 8 the Scorched Earth of Darfur

Http Www.whatmattersonline.com Sources Frontsite Display File.php File=Slideshow 8 the Scorched Earth of Darfur

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Published by: Viennalooi on Dec 16, 2009
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02/24/2010

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THE SCORCHED EARTH OF DARFUR
99
by
SAMANTHA POWER
and 
JOHN PRENDERGAST
 photographs by
MARCUS BLEASDALE
THE FIRST GENOCIDE OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
isunder way in Darfur.In fact,it has been under wayfor five years now as,once again,the world standsby.The human stakes are enormous:2.5 millionDarfurians have been ethnically cleansed fromtheir villages and farms and penned in concentra-tion camps,surrounded by marauding,predatorygovernment-supported Janjaweed militiamen,Darfur’s supercharged version of America’s KuKlux Klan.
These agents of genocidal state violence rape women who leavethe euphemistically named “internally displaced persons”camps togather food for their families,and they kill the men and boys.Some 400,000 people have perished so far.All in all,roughly four million people need emergency aid,which the Khartoum regimehas repeatedly blocked and manipulated,using food deprivation as yet another form of atrocity.
REFUGEESFLEE
across theDarfurian deserttoward the borderwith Chad.
The ScorchedEarth of Darfur
The Twenty-First Century’sFirst Genocide
 
100
MAN VS. MANTHE SCORCHED EARTH OF DARFUR
101
The United States and its allies have spent nearly $3 billion inthe form of humanitarian assistance to treat the symptoms of massviolence in Darfur,but they have mostly ignored the causes.Theypressed for humanitarian access to Darfur without doing what isnecessary to help the homeless return to their torched villages andfarms.They authorized the deployment of a UN-led peacekeepingmission four years after the crisis erupted,but then lacked theresolve to penalize Sudanese officials who obstructed the deploy-ment of the troops.Indeed,UN member states could not even rallythe essential military assets necessary to give the force a fightingchance in a region the size of France.They denounced atrocitiesand authorized investigations by the International Criminal Court,but then failed to share vital information with the prosecutor,andneither supported nor facilitated the arrest of the war criminalsindicted bythe court.In order to ameliorate the human rights and humanitarianemergency and address the roots of the crisis,the United Statesmust work far more robustly and multilaterally to protect thepeople,promote the peace and punish the perpetrators—the threePs of genocide prevention.First and most urgently in such crises,the civilian populationmust be protected.In September 2005,morethan 150 UNmember states agreed that they bore the “responsibility to protect”civilians wherever and whenever they are at risk of a massacre.Yetthose same countries have failed miserably to uphold this newlycodified norm.An effective UN-led protection force in Darfur isnot a panacea,but it would help protect thousands of people fromfurther depredations at the hands of militias,government soldiersand rebel forces.Such a force must be large enough to reach themost isolated displaced people and deter abuses,thus encouragingthose in the camps to return home so they can rebuild and planttheir crops in order to avoid perpetual famine.Second,the United States must demonstrate much more sub-stantial leadership in promoting a peaceful settlement of Darfur’sincreasingly complicated conflict.That can work.In January 2005,largely thanks to aggressive US diplomacy,the Sudanese govern-ment settled a two-decade-long conflict with rebels in southern
AMING EUUM VELIT,
simipit,core modit, core molor-tis atue euisi eum nulluptatem aliquis ciduis nostoodo lendredolor.
Top:
SUDAN LIBERATIONARMY
rebels in Farawaya,northern Darfur.
Bottom:
MULTINATIONAL FORCE
soldiers stop for water afterrepelling a Janjaweed attackon the town of Adre, a bordertown in eastern Chad, forthe second time in a week.
Following pages,clockwise from top left:
SUDAN LIBERATIONARMY
rebels rush back totheir base in northern Sudanat twilightafter an operationnear the Chadian border.
ASUDAN LIBERATIONARMY
rebel in Jidili,northern Darfur.
MULTINATIONAL FORCES
pass the Medicins SansFrontieres hospital in Adre.(The hole in the doorwas created by a rocket-propelled grenade thatlanded inside the hospitalcompound.)
ACHILD
on the streetsof Adre.

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