Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to:
Describe the evolution of Ethernet
Explain the fields of the Ethernet Frame
Describe the function and characteristics of the media access control method used byEthernet protocol
Describe the Physical and Data Link layer features of Ethernet
Compare and contrast Ethernet hubs and switches
9.0.1 - Chapter Introduction
The diagram depicts a collage of Ethernet technology photos and terms including sharedmedia, switching, and addressing. Ethernet is the predominant LAN technology in use today.
9.1 Overview of Ethernet
9.1.1 Ethernet - Standards and Implementation
Page 1:IEEE Standards
The first LAN in the world was the original version of Ethernet. Robert Metcalfe and hiscoworkers at Xerox designed it more than thirty years ago. The first Ethernet standard was published in 1980 by a consortium of Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel, and Xerox (DIX).Metcalfe wanted Ethernet to be a shared standard from which everyone could benefit, andtherefore it was released as an open standard. The first products that were developed from theEthernet standard were sold in the early 1980s.In 1985, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards committee for Local and Metropolitan Networks published standards for LANs. These standards start withthe number 802. The standard for Ethernet is 802.3. The IEEE wanted to make sure that itsstandards were compatible with those of the International Standards Organization (ISO) andOSI model. To ensure compatibility, the IEEE 802.3 standards had to address the needs of Layer 1 and the lower portion of Layer 2 of the OSI model. As a result, some smallmodifications to the original Ethernet standard were made in 802.3.Ethernet operates in the lower two layers of the OSI model: the Data Link layer and thePhysical layer.