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Integrating Quotes

Integrating Quotes

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Published by: miss_tanguera on Dec 19, 2009
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09/17/2010

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English 101A/Prof. HurleyIntegrating Quotes into Your Paper
Quotations are an important part of any academic paper. Quotes helpyou support your assertions, they lend credibility to your argument,and they make your paper more interesting to read. Any time you arequoting an author (using his or her exact words as support for yourideas),
you must put quotation marks around the words orsentences that are not your own.
 In the following excerpt from Erich Goode’s book
Between Politics and Reason
, he explains his belief that drugs should not be legalized:Other things being equal, the pharmacological properties of cocaine (and, to a lesser extent, heroin) should lead anyone topredict an increase in use under legalization. There is, in otherwords, sufficient ground for genuine concern when it comes tosharply reducing the cost and increasing the availability of cocaine, given its intrinsically pleasure-inducing and reinforcingproperty. A great deal of contrary evidence would have to bemarshaled to convince evidence-minded observers that cocaineabuse would not rise sharply under legalization—and, as yet, nosuch evidence has been forthcoming. In the absence of suchevidence, most of us will have to remain convinced that, in thewords of John Kaplan, legalization “ignores basic pharmacology.”It almost defies logic to assume that, when criminal penalties areremoved, the use of an entire array of pleasurable, highlyreinforcing drugs will not rise significantly.Clearly, this paragraph provides excellent support for the argumentthat drugs should not be legalized. How should I integrate this materialin my paper?
Rule #1: Look for the quote that says the most within theshortest amount of space.
 There are two relevant quotes in the above excerpt:“There is, in other words, sufficient ground for genuine concern when itcomes to sharply reducing the cost and increasing the availability of cocaine, given its intrinsically pleasure-inducing and reinforcingproperty.”
 
“It almost defies logic to assume that, when criminal penalties areremoved, the use of an entire array of pleasurable, highly reinforcingdrugs will not rise significantly.”
 
Rule #2: A quote should never stand alone. Rather, it needs alead-in phrase. After the lead-in phrase, use a comma andcapitalize the first letter of the quote.Examples of lead-in phrases:
As (author’s name) states/writes/argues/points outAccording to (author’s name),(Author’s name) states/writes/argues/points outAccording to Erich Goode, “There is, in other words, sufficient groundfor genuine concern when it comes to sharply reducing the cost andincreasing the availability of cocaine, given its intrinsically pleasure-inducing and reinforcing property.”As the author states, “It almost defies logic to assume that, whencriminal penalties are removed, the use of an entire array of pleasurable, highly reinforcing drugs will not rise significantly.”
Rule #3:
 
Make sure to give credit to your source. Use aparenthetical citation when necessary.
(See the handout on in-text citations for more information.)According to the author, “There is, in other words, sufficient ground forgenuine concern when it comes to sharply reducing the cost andincreasing the availability of cocaine, given its intrinsically pleasure-inducing and reinforcing property” (Goode 51).As Erich Goode states, “It almost defies logic to assume that, whencriminal penalties are removed, the use of an entire array of pleasurable, highly reinforcing drugs will not rise significantly” (51)
Rule #4:
 
If the quote appears after the word “that” or itappears as an integral part of the sentence, do not use acomma before the quote and do not capitalize the first letter.
Erich Goode claims that “there is, in other words, sufficient ground forgenuine concern when it comes to sharply reducing the cost andincreasing the availability of cocaine, given its intrinsically pleasure-inducing and reinforcing property” (51). The author argues that it is foolish to assume that under legalization“an array of pleasurable, highly reinforcing drugs will not risesignificantly” (Goode 51).

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