Forensic Cop Journal Volume 2(2), Dec 2009
is Cedar Cambridge. This instrument provides many modules for processing the audio. Onemodule which is useful to analyse the audio spectrum is Retouch. With this module, theaudio spectrum is visualised clearly, so that the analyst could find whether or not there isediting or insertion in the contents of the audio. If such issues are not found, so the audiocan be considered original, otherwise it is not. To do spectrum analysis by Retouch on Cedarinstrument is not an easy work, the analyst must be carefully in analysing every area of theaudio. The combination of General and Zooming analysis is the best technique to see thearea of the audio clearly and precisely.
Step 3: Audio Enhancement
Many times, the evidence obtained is the audio with poor quality to listen. The poor audiogives difficulty for the analyst to listen and to know what words pronounced by thespeakers. The conversation between two or more people is not clear, or even it is worst, the
speaker’s voice cannot be listened at all. The noise sound is much louder than the human
voice. To solve this problem, the analyst should be able to improve the quality over audioenhancement by removing noises. The output of audio enhancement is that the audioquality becomes clear to listen.To do audio enhancement, the analyst could use several reliable applications, eithercommercials or freeware. After dealing with these applications, it is found that thecommercials application such as Cedar Cambridge is better than freeware tools such asAudacity on noise removal. However Audacity is still the first choice for audio signalprocessing users as it can be run on either Windows or Linux. Besides flexibility, Audacityprovides user many useful modules to enhance the audio quality. They are noise removal,high pass filter, low pass filter, amplify, click removal, normalize and so forth. Howeverthese modules are not sufficient when dealing with high level of noise. For instance, theconversation between two people is recorded with the background of jet engine sound asthe noise. The human voice cannot be listened at all. The only sound listened is the jetengine sound. To remove such noises, the analyst could use Cedar Cambridge providingmany powerful modules for noise filtering. The modules offered by Cedar are Retouch, DNS(Dialogue Noise Suppression), NR (Noise Reduction), Dehiss, Declick, Decrackle, Debuzz,Spectrum Analysis and so forth. These modules are reliable to process any types of noise, sothat the analyst has a wide range of noise removal tools to apply.
Step 4: Decoding
On this step, the enhanced audio with good quality is decoded by the analysts. There is nodecoding for poor audio. The output of decoding process is transcript describingconversation in the audio. The analysts have to transcript any words pronounced by the
speakers clearly. For the words pronounced unclearly, the analysts have to put “unc
words” in the transcript.