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Female Genital Mutilation 1

Female Genital Mutilation 1

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Published by thewomenofislam

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Published by: thewomenofislam on Dec 19, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Report on Female Genital Mutilation as required byConference Report (H. Rept. 106-997) to Public Law 106-429(Foreign Operations, Export Financing,and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2001)PREVALENCE OF THE PRACTICE OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION (FGM); LAWS PROHIBITINGFGM AND THEIR ENFORCEMENT; RECOMMENDATIONS ON HOW TO BEST WORK TO ELIMINATEFGM
Background 4FGM Procedures 5Prevalence of FGM 8Country-Specific Responses13The International Response14U.S. Government Policy16U.S. Department of State16U.S. Agency for International Development17U.S. Department of Health and Human Services18U.S. Treasury Department19Immigration and Naturalization Service19Recommendations21Laws/Enforcement in Countries where FGM isCommonly Practiced26Laws in Countries where Immigrants fromCountries Practicing FGM now Reside33Chart37Bibliography55
The Conference Report (H. Rept. 106-997) to the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, andRelated Programs Appropriations Act, Fiscal Year 2001 (P.L. 106-429) requires the Secretary of State toreport to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations by March 1, 2001 on the prevalence of thepractice of female genital mutilation (FGM) and the existence and enforcement of laws prohibiting thispractice, along with recommendations on how the United States government can best work to eliminatethis practice.The State Department has, over the past several years, obtained information on the practice of FGM from U.S. Embassies in countries where it is commonly practiced. The report that follows, preparedby the Office of the Senior Coordinator for International Women's Issues, includes much of thisinformation.The report also provides general background information on FGM, as well as on what the U.S.Government is doing to help eliminate this practice. In addition to the laws criminalizing FGM in countrieswhere it is commonly practiced, the report also includes information on the laws of countries whereimmigrants who traditionally practice FGM have frequently settled. Finally, the report includesrecommendations on how the U.S. Government can best continue its efforts to help eliminate thispractice.At the end of this report is a chart summarizing the estimated prevalence of FGM in countrieswhere it is commonly practiced. The chart also shows the type of FGM practiced, the ethnic groups or areas that practice it and the presence or absence of legislation outlawing it. The chart further lists theoutreach groups working to inform and educate the public about the harmful health effects of the practicewith the ultimate goal of eradication.

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