Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
P. 1
Insurgent Abuses Afghanistan

Insurgent Abuses Afghanistan

Ratings: (0)|Views: 48|Likes:
Published by thewomenofislam

More info:

Published by: thewomenofislam on Dec 19, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/22/2011

pdf

text

original

 
Insurgent Abuses against Afghan Civilians
1 
١از١٣٨١
 
Insurgent Abuses
 Against 
Afghan Civilians
December 2008
 
Insurgent Abuses against Afghan Civilians
2E
XECUTIVE
S
UMMARY
.................................................................................................................2I.
 
I
NTRODUCTION
.........................................................................................................................4II.
 
M
ANDATE AND
M
ETHODOLOGY
.............................................................................................
10
 III.
 
F
ROM
I
NTIMIDATION TO
M
URDER
:
 
I
NSURGENT
A
BUSES AGAINST
C
IVILIANS
.......................... 13A. T
HE
I
NTIMIDATION
B
EGINS
:
 
“N
IGHT
L
ETTERS
AND
V
ERBAL
T
HREATS
......................... 14B. V
IOLENCE
E
SCALATES
:
 
A
BDUCTIONS AND
D
ESTRUCTION
................................................. 18C. T
HE
U
LTIMATE
P
UNISHMENT
:
 
M
URDER
,
 
M
UTILATION AND
M
AIMING
........................... 201. Shooting of Civilians ............................................................................................... 202. Beheadings, Hangings and Mutilation......................................................................
23
 3. Perfidious Suicide Attacks ....................................................................................... 27IV.
 
O
THER
U
NLAWFUL
M
ETHODS OF
W
ARFARE
:
 
I
NDISCRIMINATE ROCKET ATTACKS AND THE
I
MPROPER USE OF
M
ILITARY
U
NIFORMS
..................................................................................... 30V.
 
F
AR
R
EACHING
C
ONSEQUENCES OF
I
NSURGENT
A
BUSE
.......................................................... 33A. U
NEMPLOYMENT
......................................................................................................... 34B. H
EALTH SERVICES
........................................................................................................... 35C. E
DUCATION
................................................................................................................. 36D. H
UMANITARIAN
S
UPPLIES AND
C
OMPENSATION
........................................................... 37VI.
 
P
ERCEPTIONS OF THE
G
OVERNMENT
S
S
ECURITY
F
AILURES
.................................................. 38VII.
 
C
ONCLUSION
.....................................................................................................................
40
 VIII.
 
R
ECOMMENDATIONS
....................................................................................................... 401
 
Insurgent Abuses against Afghan Civilians
3
E
XECUTIVE
S
UMMARY
 
Ordinary citizens increasingly feel the impact of Afghanistan’s ongoing armed conflict. BothAnti government elements (AGEs) and other parties involved in the conflict are responsible forviolence that affects the civilian population. This report documents how, in their attempts toweaken the Afghan Government, the Taliban and other AGEs are systematically terrorizing thecivilian population with “night letters,” kidnappings, executions (often by beheading) and othercrimes.In their campaign to undermine support for the Government the Taliban fail to differentiatebetween military objectives and civilians, targeting civilians intentionally. Their targets includedoctors, teachers, students, tribe elders, Ulema Council members, civilian governmentemployees, suppliers and day laborers of public-interest reconstruction projects as well as formerpolice and military personnel. For instance, the simple act of being a civil servant or beingfriendly with government officials is frequently seen as enough to justify an attack.In an attempt to further weaken public support for the government, insurgents have also targetedschools, medical services, humanitarian aid and commercial supply lines. These attacks have asevere impact far beyond their immediate victims and the effects of these abuses on Afghansociety as a whole will be described, with a focus on the specific areas of social economy,education and health care.This report focuses on serious violations of Islamic principles, domestic and international lawcaused by the Taliban from 2006 to mid 2008. The actions documented are in directcontravention to Islamic Shari’a, Afghan domestic and international law. All three sourcesprovide clear strictures about the protection of civilians during armed conflict, which are set outin the report. A panel of respected Islamic scholars has provided a religious interpretation of these breaches, using the principles of Islamic Shari’a. While the Taliban claim to observeIslamic principles, which they consider above the strictures of domestic and internationalhumanitarian law, this claim will be largely disproved.Alerted by reports from around the country, the Afghanistan Independent Human RightsCommission (AIHRC) conducted a detailed investigation into the allegations of a campaign of terror carried out by insurgents. The team interviewed over 100 victims and witnesses, tribalelders, community representatives and local government officials on the ground, in order to gainan authentic and exact image of abuses against civilians perpetrated by AGEs. The informationgathered by AIHRC includes testimonies from the most insecure regions of the country includingas the east, south and southeast.Beyond its specifically informative content, AIHRC makes clear recommendations to all partiesin the armed conflict in Afghanistan at the end of this report.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->