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Hrm All Notes

Hrm All Notes

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Published by Muhammad Fahim Khan
Human Resource management Notes for Pakistani Slybus of Study...............................
Human Resource management Notes for Pakistani Slybus of Study...............................

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Published by: Muhammad Fahim Khan on Dec 19, 2009
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07/31/2013

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1
SYLLABUS OF HRM
1.Introduction to HRM2.Job Analysis3.Source of Recruitment4.Selection Process5.Career Management6.Compensation System7.Performance Appraisal8.Stress Management in an Organization9.Employee Rights and Discipline10.Business Communication
1Human Resource ManagementIntroduction to HRM
HRM is the study of activities regarding people working in an organization. It is amanagerial function that tries to match an organization’s need to the skills and abilities of its employees.
Introduction to HRM
Thus HRM refers in an organization to:
H – Human --- (Manpower)
R – Resources --- (Human, Physical, Financial, Technical, Informational, etc)
M – Management --- (Function of Planning, Organization, Leading & controllingof organization resources to accomplish goals efficiently and effectively)
Efficiently– A measure of how well resources are used to achieve a goal. “Doingthe right things.”
Effectively– A measure of the appropriate of the goals chosen and the degree towhich they are achieved. “Doing the right things right.”
Functions of HRM
HRM department regardless of the organization’s size must perform followinghuman resource management functions:
Staffing (HR planning, Recruitment and selection)
Human Resource Development (HRD)
Safety and Health
Record maintainess of employees service
HR research
Interrelationship of HR functions.
 
2
Personal Management to Human Resource ManagementPersonal Management
The Personal Management is in fact the old concept of HRM which has been usedup to 1970’s. During 1980’s both terms remained under use for the same purpose in anorganization.
Shifting from Personal Management to HRM
Today’s Human Resources management historically known as personalmanagement deals with formal system for the management of people within theorganization.
HRM in Changing Environment and the Challenges
Today’s organizations are facing Challenges upon following levels:
Environment Challenges
Organizational Challenges
Individual Challenges
Environment Challenges
Environment challenges refer to forces external to the firm that are largely beyondmanager’s control but influence organizational performance. Some importantenvironment challenges are;
Rapid change
Work force
Globalization
Legislation
Technology
Skill shortage and the rise of the service sector 
Organizational Challenges
Organizational Challenges refer to concerns or problems that are internal to thefirm. They are often a by product of environmental forces because no firm operate in avacuum.HR policies can influence an organization’s competitive position by:
Controlling costs
Improving quality
Creating distinctive capabilities
Restructuring of organization
Individual Challenges
Human resource issues at the individual level address the decisions most pertinentto specified employees. These individual challenges almost reflect what is happening inthe larger organization. The most important individual challenges today involve:
Productivity
Empowerment
Brain Drain
Ethics and Social Responsibility
Job Insecurity
 
3
Human Resource Planning (HRP)
Planning is a comprehensive framework for making decision in advance.Human Resource Planning systematically forecasts an organization’s futuredemand for and supply of employees. The HR planning is more common in largeorganizations because it allows them to:
Integrate strategic demands with appropriate staffing levels.
Improve the utilization of human resources
Match HR activities and future organizational objectives effectively
Achieve economics in hiring new workers
Make major demands on local labor markets successfully
Importance of HRP
HRP has become more important in recent years for a number of reasons like:
Globalization of Business
 New Technologies
The changing skill levels in the workforce
The changing demographics of the workforce
Mergers and Acquisitions
Legal Developments
Requirements for Effective HR Planning
Successful HR planning requires following:
HR personal understand the HR planning process
Top management is supportive
The communications between HR staff and the line management are healthy
The HR plan is integrated with the organization’s strategic business plan.
2Job Analysis
Job:
A group of tasks that must be performed in an organization to achieve itsgoals
Position:
the tasks and responsibilities performed by one person. There is a position for every individual in an organization
Task 
: A distinct identifiable work activity composed of motion.
Duty
: A large work segment composed of several tasks that are performed by anindividual.
Responsibility
: An obligation to perform certain tasks and duties.
Job Analysis
: The systematic process of collecting and making judgments aboutall the information related to a job.OR The process through which you determine the duties and nature of the jobs andthe kinds of people who should be hired for them.

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