Drug addiction is a condition characterized by compulsive drug intake, craving andseeking, despite what the majority of society may perceive as the negative consequencesassociated with drug use.Although being addicted implies drug dependence, it is possible to be dependent on adrug without being addicted. People that take drugs to treat diseases and disorders,which interfere with their ability to function, may experience improvement of theircondition.Such persons are dependent on the drug, but are not addicted. One is addicted, ratherthan merely dependent, if one exhibits compulsive behavior towards the drug and hasdifficulty quitting it. To qualify as being dependent a person must Take a drug regularlyExperience unpleasant symptoms if discontinued, which makes stopping difficult.Substance abuse can occur with or without dependency, and with or without addiction.Substance abuse is any use of a substance, which causes more harm than good.
History Of Drugs:
The phenomenon of drug addiction has occurred to some degree throughout recordedhistory, though modern agricultural practices, improvements in access to drugs,advancements in biochemistry, and dramatic increases in the recommendation of drugusage by clinical practitioners have exacerbated the problem significantly in the 20thcentury. Improved means of active biological agent manufacture and the introduction of synthetic compounds, such as methamphetamine are also factors contributing to drugaddiction.
Components Of Drugs:
Drug addiction has two components: physical dependency, and psychologicaldependency. Physical dependency occurs when a drug has been used habitually and thebody has become accustomed to its effects. The person must then continue to use thedrug in order to feel normal, or its absence will trigger the symptoms of withdrawal.Psychological dependency occurs when a drug has been used habitually and the mindhas become emotionally reliant on its effects, either to elicit pleasure or relieve pain, anddoes not feel capable of functioning without it. Its absence produces intense cravings,which are often brought on or magnified by stress. A dependent person may have eitheraspects of dependency or both."Chipping" is also a term used to describe a pattern of drug use in which the user is notphysically dependent and sustains 'controlled use' of a drug. This is done by avoidinginfluences that reinforce dependence, such that the drug is used for relaxation and not forescape. This is similar to the medical term 'recreational substance use'.
The addictive nature of drugs varies from substance to substance, and from individual toindividual. Drugs such as codeine or alcohol, for instance, typically require many moreexposures to addict their users than drugs such as heroin or cocaine. Likewise, a personwho is psychologically or genetically predisposed to addiction is much more likely tosuffer from it.Although dependency on hallucinogens like LSD ("acid") and psilocybin (key hallucinogenin "magic mushrooms") is listed as Substance-Related Disorder in the DSM-IV, most