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Mathematica Final

# Mathematica Final

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An exam to test proficiency in Mathematica. Find out if you can be effective with Mathematica. These are physics problems, so the fun part is showing how Mathematica can solve these problems with great ease.
An exam to test proficiency in Mathematica. Find out if you can be effective with Mathematica. These are physics problems, so the fun part is showing how Mathematica can solve these problems with great ease.

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08/06/2010

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Physics/Chem 229& 100 Final Exam 2009Due Monday, Dec 14 at midnightOpen book, but no discussion with anyone except me. You may use any packages that seemhelpful. Provide clear commentary in text cells so that I can follow your reasoning.grads do all problemsundergrads get extra credit for problems marked (grads)Name:
1a). Are the vectors v1={1, -2, 3, 4} , v2= {-2, 0, 3, 6}, v3= {4, -4, 3, 2} linearly independent? Why or why not?
b) Find a set of vectors that span the hyperplane w - 2.3 x- 2 y- 3.4z == 6
2. Find the solution to the equations2x+3y+2z=105x-2y+7z=0which has minimum length
2
2
2
.
3. Find all solutions to
7
2
5
3
2
5
1
0 Make a plot which shows the location of the roots in thecomplex plane.
4. Calculate the value of the integral Int

02
Π
Sin
Θ
2
5
3Cos
Θ
Θ
using residues ( use of Residues[...] is OK).Specify the contour you are using by drawing a sketch. Explain your reasoning.
5. Two identical masses are attached to three springs between two fixed walls, as shown in the figurebelow.
mmk1k2k1
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a) Construct the Lagrangian , and set up the equations of motion for this system
b) Calculate the normal mode frequencies for the vibrations of this system.
6. Consider the differential equation y'' [x]/5 -
2
'
- y[x]=0a) Find a power series approximation to the initial value problem y[0]=3 , y'[0]=1/2 .
b) Construct a plot of the solution to the boundary value problem y[0]=1, y[2]=1 ( Although you could usea shooting method, there is an easier way.)
c) what are the possible types of asymptotic behavior as x ->
for solutions of this equation?
7. Gravitational stability of 3 masses. Consider three objects of unit mass which are constrained to movein a plane and interact via an attractive inverse square force law with a potential V(r)= -
1
, where r is thedistance between the masses. The initial condition is that all the masses are stationary, and mass #1 is at{0, 0} , mass#2 is at {0,-1} and mass#3 is at { 3,0} .a) write the Lagrangian for this system.
a) Write the equations of motion. What is the total energy of the system?
b) Solve the equations for the given initial conditions and make an animation of the motion. (Watch out forextra curly brackets.) Use different colored dots to represent the objects. Play the animation at 20frames/second. An interesting question that you are invited to speculate on is : will the particles everbecome separated by an infinite distance?
8. (grads) An electron is confined to a spherical cavity of radius R. ( This is actually a realistic model forelectrons in some liquids). The equation for its stationary energy states is
2
2
2
Ψ
E
Ψ
. The wavefunction must vanish at the boundary and be finite at the origin.a) Using dimensional reasoning , predict the dependence of the ground state energy on the radius of thecavity.
b) For the case of no angular dependence, find the lowest 3 energy levels and the corresponding radialwave functions. Normalize the wave functions and plot them ( let R->1). Do this problem analytically, notnumerically.
9. A potential is zero for Abs[x]>1 and for Abs[x]<1, it has a triangular form as shown in the figure.
2

Final09-1.nb
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