Law Enorcement Intelligence:
A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies
David L. Carter, Ph.D.
School of Criminal Justice,Michigan State University
This project was supported by Cooperative Agreement #2007-CK-WX-K015 by the U.S.Department o Justice Oce o Community Oriented Policing Services. Points o view oropinions contained in this publication are those o the author and do not necessarily representthe ocial position or policies o the U.S. Department o Justice or Michigan State University.Reerences to specic agencies, companies, products, or services should not be consideredan endorsement by the author or the U.S. Department o Justice. Rather, the reerences areillustrations to supplement discussion o the issues.