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Primary and Secodary Data(VTU)

# Primary and Secodary Data(VTU)

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08/30/2010

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Primary Data and Secondary Data:1.Primary Data: are fresh data collected directly from the field. Theyare 1
st
hand data.Methods of collecting Primary data are :Direct Observation methodDirect or indirect personal interviewLocal Correspondence methodQuestionnaire Method1.Secondary Data: they are second hand data collected frommagazines and journals. Important sources of secondary data:Published sources; reports and publications of central and stateGovt departments, International bodies, research institutions,magazines and news papersUnpublished sources; records maintained at Govt offices, researchinstitutions, research scholars.

Classification: Systematic grouping of the units according to their common characteristics.Functions:It reduces the bulk of the data.It simplifies the data.It facilitates comparison of characteristics.It renders the data ready for statistical analyses.Types of classification:1.Geographical classification(spatial)2.Chronological(temporal)3.Qualitative4. quantitative

Frequency Distribution:systematic presentation of the values taken by thevariable with the corresponding frequencies is called FD of that variable.There are two types of frequency distributions1.Discrete2.ContinuousIf the range of the variable is vast it is divided into mutually exclusive sub-ranges called
Class Interval.
The difference between the class limits of a class intervals is the width of the class interval.Class marks is the mid points of the class intervals.The number of observations in any class is the frequency.In a frequency distribution the number of observations with value less thangiven value is less than CF. the no of observations with a value morethan a given value is more the a CF.Usually less than correspond toupper limit and more than CF correspond to lower limit.