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Sweet Sorghum Species & Cultivars in China

Sweet Sorghum Species & Cultivars in China

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Published by Dinh xuan Ba
Introduction to 05 species and some cultivars of sweet sorghum cultivated in China
Introduction to 05 species and some cultivars of sweet sorghum cultivated in China

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Published by: Dinh xuan Ba on Dec 20, 2009
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01/04/2013

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 SWEET SORGHUM SPECIES & CULTIVARS IN CHINA
By Chen Shouliang (
守良
); Sylvia M. Phillips1.
 
Sorghum nitidum
(Vahl) Persoon,
光高粱
guang gao liang
2 Sorghum halepense
(Linnaeus) Persoon,
石茅
shi mao
3. Sorghum propinquum
(Kunth) Hitchcock,
高粱
ni gao liang
4. Sorghum sudanense
(Piper) Stapf in Prain,
丹草
su dan cao
5. Sorghum bicolor
(Linnaeus) Moench,
高粱
gao liang
Sorghum bicolor (Linnaeus) Moench
高粱
gao liang
Holcus bicolor Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 2: 301. 1771; Andropogon bicolor (Linnaeus) Roxburgh; A.sorghum (Linnaeus) Brotero; A. sorghum var. technicus Körnicke; Holcus cernuus Arduino; H. dochnaForsskål; H. sorghum Linnaeus; Sorghum cernuum (Arduino) Host; S. dochna (Forsskål) Snowden; S.nervosum Besser ex Schultes; S. technicum (Körnicke) Roshevitz; S. vulgare Persoon, nom. illeg.superfl. Annual. Culms erect, robust, 3
 – 
5 m tall, 2
 – 
5 cm in diam.; nodes glabrous or pubescent. Leaf sheaths glabrous or slightly farinose; leaf blades linear or linear-lanceolate, 40
 – 
70 × 3
 – 
8 cm, glabrous;ligule subrounded, ciliate. Panicle very variable, lax or dense, cylindrical or pyramidal to obovate inoutline, up to 60 cm, main axis elongate to very short; primary branches ascending or spreading, lowerbranches sometimes almost as long as panicle, stiff or pendulous; racemes tough at maturity, composedof 2
 – 
6 spikelet pairs. Sessile spikelet variable, broadly obovate to subglobose, 3.5
 – 
5.5 mm; callushispid; lower glume leathery to papery, glabrous to pilose, pale creamygreen to dark brown or blackishat maturity, upper lemma usually awned; awn 0.4
 – 
1.5 cm. Pedicelled spikelet male or barren, linear-lanceolate, persistent or deciduous. Caryopsis large, often exposed between the gaping glumes. Fl. andfr. Jun
 – 
Sep. 2n =20.Cultivated in China [native to Africa; widely cultivated in the tropics]. Sorghum bicolor is theimportant, tropical cereal sorghum. Originating in Africa, its cultivation for both grain and fodderspread throughout the tropics and subtropics of the Old World. It was introduced with the slave trade toAmerica, including warm parts of the United States. It is now cultivated throughout most of China.There is a multiplicity of forms of cultivated sorghum, derived by human selection and all fullyinterfertile. Some forms have sweet culms. Many species names have been proposed in the past in anattempt to categorize this variation, but they represent no more than intergrading cultivars within thecommon species pool. The name Holcus saccharatus Linnaeus (Sorghum saccharatum (Linnaeus)Moench) has been identified as this species, but its application is uncertain (see Davidse & Turland inTaxon 50: 577
 – 
580. 2001) and the name has been formally rejected. The principal races grown inChina are as follows.

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