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pubkic health nursing

pubkic health nursing

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Published by: gummyworm on Dec 21, 2009
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Angeles University Foundation
College of NursingA.Y. 2009-2010
Submitted by:Bianca Patricia o. SantiagoBSN III-10
Public Health Nursing in Schools and Work SettingsSchool Nursing
Health and Nutrition Center (HNC)Health and Nutrition Center (HNC) of the Department of Education (DepED) ismandated to safeguard the health and nutritional well-being of the total school population. The HNC has two divisions:
Health and Nutrition Division
. The Health Division has foursections: Medical, Dental, Nursing and health Education Sections.
School Nursing
is a type of public health nursing that focuses on the promotion of health and wellness of the students, teaching and non-teaching personnel of the school.School Nurses also assist young people in making choices for a healthy lifestyle, reduce risktaking behaviour and focus on issues such as prevention of drug and substance abuse,teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted infection, malnutrition, communicable, and non-communicable diseases.Objectives of School Nursing1.Provide quality nursing service to the school population.2.Create awareness among school children, personnel and administrators on theimportance of the promotive and preventive aspects of health through healtheducation.3.Encourage the provision of standard functional facilities.4.Provide nursing personnel with opportunities for continuing education andtraining.5.Conduct and participate in researches related to nursing care and;6.Establish/strengthen linkages with government and non-governmentorganizations/agencies for school community health work.Duties and Responsibilities of the School Nurse1.Health Advocacy2.Health and nutrition assessment including other screening procedures such ashearing and vision.3.Supervision of the health and safety of the school plant.4.Treatment of common ailments and attending to emergency cases.5.Referrals and follow-up of pupils and personnel.6.Home Visits7.Community Outreach like attending community assemblies and organizing schoolcommunity health councils.8.Recording and reporting of accomplishments.9.Monitoring and evaluation of programs and projects.
Skills needed by and provided to the school nurses to enable them to delivereffective health care to the school populace:
a.Assessment and Screening Killsb.Health Counselling Skillsc.Social Mobilization Skillsd.Good Oral and Written Communication Skillse.Basic Management Skillsf.Life Skills
Functions of the School Nurse1.School health and Nutrition Survey2.Putting up a functional school clinic.3.Health Assessment4.Standard Vision Test for School Children5.Ear Examination6.Height and Weight Measurements and Nutritional Status Determination7.Medical Referrals8.Attendance to Emergency Cases9.Student Health Counselling10.Health and Nutrition Education Activities11.Organization of School-Community Health and Nutrition Councils12.Communicable Disease Control13.Establishment of Data Bank on School Health and Nutrition Activities14.School Plant Inspection for Healthy Environment15.Rapid Classroom Inspection16.Home Visitation The following are some cases needing home visitation:a.Pupils whose parents are afraid of some medical procedures.b.Pupils who get re-infected because of home conditions .c.Pupils suffering from communicable diseases.d.Pupils who are absent frequently because of sickness.e.Pupils who are malnourished. The Clinic Teacher in the SchoolIn most schools where school nurses are not enough, clinic teachers have to beassigned To ensure the pupils’ health is safe-guarded.a.There should be atleast one clinic teacher in every schoolb.She/he should have undergone training by the school nursec.Her/his duties include:
Administers simple remedies and first aid.
Keeps records of treatments given.
Responsible for the cleanliness and care of the medicine cabinet andschool clinic.
Reports to the principal cases of emergencies and when supplies needreplenishing.
Recommends suggestion for the improvement of service.Historical Background of the School Health Program in the Philippines
- health instruction and health
service started in the public schools with the classroomteacher as the central figure. This period was occasioned by frequent out breaks of epidemic such as cholera, smallpox, and dysentery.
school health services were formally instituted. Health bulletins were issued by theDirector of Health for enlightenment of the school personnel and the public.

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