STUDY OF BAPUNAGAR SLUM IN SURAT
Surat, has 400 slum pocket spread over various parts of the city, mostlysituated along the water bodies, industrial areas and some public lands. Theslums are populated by people belonging to Economically Weaker Section(EWS) and Low Income Groups (LIG). The Surat Municipal Corporation underits IHSDP scheme (2008-09) has been targeting these slums.
The slums on West bank of river Tapi, along Nehru Bridge and MakkaiBridge has been targeted for the relocation to new sites location on theoutskirts of the city. The slum dwellers of Bapunagar (5000 Houses),Nehru Nagar, Subhash Nagar and Iqbal Nagar have being told to beprepared to be moved from the present sites. As per the people’sperception they have been proposed to be allocated alternate site atKosad, 10 kms away from the present site, and recently incorporatedin the municipal corporation limits. People at these slums are dividedon moving to newer site. Till now, 9,688 houses for urban poor havebeen completed at Kosad and Bhestan. Another 9,320 and 9,500houses will be ready for possession by the end of 2009 and May 2010.SMC is planning to complete the project for constructing 42,175 housesby the end of 2010. Plots kept reserved for EWS/SEWS housing purposeand land purchased at Bhestan and Kosad are being utilized for thispurpose (Source: ToI:9 Dec 2009).Corporation conducted survey, allotted numbers to houses, takenfinger prints and photographs of individual property residents. Nowthey are asking for proof of residence to list them as beneficiaries of the project. Some people have already filled the forms for theallotment of property, but community leaders and NGO representativefeel few are ready to shift to new site. To find out whether there can bealternate strategy for the in-situ development of Slums, the opinion of experts was sought by the community leaders.
The Irrigation Department in association with SMC has constructed alinear embankment recently which has segregated the slums withdeveloped society. People do not know why they have considered