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TSD-RM001-Fire Performance Notes (XLPE vs EPR)

TSD-RM001-Fire Performance Notes (XLPE vs EPR)

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Published by: jedi_panda on Dec 21, 2009
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 Page | 1
Studies on proper cable selection to maximize cable performance during fire hazards
Ridzwan Mustapa
February 2009XLPE are superior than EPR based from the following criteria:1.
Weight and dimensioning of the insulation
 XLPE always have a thinner insulation compared to EPR. Based from IEC60502-1: 2004, thedifferences of the thickness on each material are obvious as shown in Graph 1. Thickness of theinsulation is proportional to the weight itself thus EPR tends to be heavier compared to XLPE asshown in Graph 2. Both are thermoset compound which is petroleum (ethylene) based material.Hence, it is necessary to use in smaller amount because it will act as a fuel in case of fire. ThusEPR will give a greater impact as it will act as a main fuel component in the event of fire becauseof its weight consumption.2.
Material properties (Mechanical and Electrical properties)
 XLPE have the same Electrical characteristic with EPR and better Mechanical characteristiccompared to EPR. As shown in Table 1, XLPE tends to have higher tensile strength. In addition,XLPE doesn’t require ozone resistance test as it would not degrade its properties and XLPE alsohave better resistance against solvent and oil.
 Page | 2
Graph 1: Comparison of the insulation thickness according to IEC60502-1: 2004
   I   n   s   u    l   a   t   i   o   n   t    h   i   c    k   n   e   s   s    (   m   m    )
Conductor size (mm²)
Insulation Thickness (EPR vs. XLPE)
EPR XLPE Thickness variance
 Page | 3
Graph 2: Comparison of the insulation weight based on insulation thicknessaccording to IEC60502-1: 2004
   I   n   s   u    l   a   t   i   o   n   W   e   i   g    h   t    (    k   g    /    k   m    )
Conductor size (mm²)
Insulation Weight (EPR vs. XLPE)
EPR XLPE Weight variance

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