Any factor influencing employee behavior is embedded in asocial system. For instance, to understand the impact of payon performance. You also have to understand the climatethat exists in the work group and the leadership style of thesuperior.
Q2.Trace the growth of Trade Union Movement fromFactories Act 1881 to Factories Act 1948.
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA Trade union as per Trade Union Act 1926 – “Any combinationformed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relationsbetween workmen and employers or workmen and workmen oremployers and employers or for imposing restrictive conditions onthe conduct of any trade or business and includes any federationof two or more trade unions”.From the above definition it is clear that Trade union is not just anassociation of the workmen of a factory or a trade or a businessbut also can be formed by officers and managers. Trade unionmovement in India was started and led by philanthropists andsocial organizations and not by the workers.
Bombay Presidency - by servants of India society
Eastern India - by Brahma Samaj
South India centered around Madras - by TheosophicalSociety Trade union is a direct product of Industrialization and a veryrecent development. In India, the foundation of modern industrywas laid between 1850 and 1870. Prior to that trade was confinedto individuals and families like craftsmen and artisans. They hadexpertise and specialized skills which was inherited by theiroffspring’s. After Industrial revolution, these people started losingtheir individual identities and had to join factories to earn their