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Electrolyte Imbalances

Electrolyte Imbalances

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Published by aibaloca

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Published by: aibaloca on Dec 22, 2009
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05/18/2012

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ELECTROLYT
E
IMBALANCES
 
 
SODIUM (Na+)SODIUM (Na+)135 – 145 mEq/L135 – 145 mEq/L
most prevalent cat ion in ECF
controls osmotic pressure
transmits nerve impulses
aids in maintenance of acid-base
Balance
necessary for glucose to be transportedinto cells
maintained via regulation of water intake and excretion.
 
 
HYPONATREMIA
sodium deficit resulting from either a sodiumloss or water excess
serum-sodium level below 135 mEq/L
Neurologic symptoms usually does not occur until below 120 mEq/L or unless there’s rapiddrop in serum sodium level.
Permanent neurologic damage occurs whenplasma sodium level is less than 115 mEq/L.

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