end to Yazid’s authority and to that of his likes. Thus, al-Husain’srevolution prompted the public to shake the dust of neo-jahiliyya brought about by the Umayyads and to stir, in a dynamic movement, toaction to demolish all its edifices and altars. Now let us review some of these massive popular uprisings. Among thereferences the reader can review for more information are: at-Tabari’s
, and Ibn Katheer’s
.The first of those revolutions took place in Mecca after the news of the barbaric way wherein Imam al-Husain (ﻉ) and his small band of supporters were butchered had reached the Meccans who starteddiscussing them. It was led by Abdullah bin az-Zubair and is known inhistory books as the Harra incident which, according to p. 374, Vol. 4,of the Arabic text of at-Tabari’s Tarikh (the issue consulted by thewriter is dated 1409 A.H./1989 A.D. and is published by al-A'lamiEstablishment for Publications, P.O. Box 7120, Beirut, Lebanon), broke out on a Wednesday, Thul-Hijja 28, 63 A.H./August 31, 683A.D.
THE HARRA INCIDENT
This incident started on a Wednesday, Thul-Hijja 28, 63 A.H./August31, 683 A.D. and was led by Abdullah ibn az-Zubair. Let us stop hereto introduce the reader to this man although he is too well known to anyaverage student of Islamic history.His full name is Abdullah ibn az-Zubair ibn al-Awwam. His mother was Asma’, the oldest daughter of caliph Abu Bakr and sister of Aisha,the youngest wife of Prophet Muhammed (ﺹ). He was born in 1 A.H.and died in 73 A.H. (622 - 692 A.D.) and participated in the Musliminvasions of Persia, Egypt and North Africa and sided with his maternalaunt Aisha during the Battle of the Camel against Imam Ali ibn AbuTalib (ﻉ). He lived most of his life in Medina and rebelled against thegovernment of Yazid ibn Mu'awiyah and against Umayyad rulers of Hijaz, declaring himself caliph. He extended his influence to Iraq after the Battle of Marj Rahit till al-Hajjaj ibn Yousuf al-Thaqafi
al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf al-Thaqafi’s cruelty and disrespect for Islamic tenets