Model and Die Materials
They are obtained from gypsum by the process of Calcination.1.Commercial gypsum is ground& heated to 110 to 120 *c. todrive off a part of the water of crystallization & form calciumsulfate hemihydrate.2.On further heating, the hemihydrate forms anhydrite due to theremoval of the remaining water.
Comparison of model plaster & dental stone
CriteriaModel plasterDental stone
ManufactureHeating gypsum in an openKettle at a temp of 110-120
C.Calcining gypsum under Steam pressure, in an autoclave at120- 130
C.Shape of crystalsSpongy & irregular.Dense& prismatic.Compressive strength90kg/cm 1300 psi210kg/cm 3000psiW: P ratio0.45-0.50.28-0.3Max.Setting expansion,at 2hr.0.3%0.2%Setting time(min)12+/-412+/-4Other names Beta- hemi hydrate Alpha hemi hydrate