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Model and Die Materials Final 1

Model and Die Materials Final 1

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Published by: drkarthikmds on Dec 22, 2009
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01/24/2013

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Model and Die Materials
 Definitions:
(GPT-7)Model:
A facsimile used for display purposes, a miniaturerepresentation of something, an example for imitation or emulation
Die:
The positive reproduction of the form of a prepared tooth inany suitable substance.
Cast:
A life size likeness of some desired form. It is formed withinor is a material poured into a matrix or impression of a desiredform.
Types of Model & Die materials
1.Gypsum products:Model plaster-Beta hemi hydrate (type II)Dental stone -Alpha hemi hydrate (type III)Dental stone with high strength (type IV)Dental stone with high strength& setting expansion (type V)2.Metals: Electroformed or Electroplated, Sprayed metals, Amalgam3 .Polymers :Polyurethane, Epoxy resins.4 .Cements: Silicophosphate or poly acrylic acid bonded cements.5. Divestment
 Dental Materials
5Model & CastDie
 
Model and Die Materials
Selection factors
1 Material used for impression2 Purpose of use of the die or cast.
Impression
materialDie materia
Impression compoundPlaster/ stone/ Electroformed coppeAlginate/ AgarPlaster/Stone/ investmentRubber base materialsGypsum/ Electroformed/ Epoxy die
 Desirable Qualities of cast and die material 
1.accurate should reproduce fine details2.remain dimensionally stable3.strong ,durable ,resist abrasion4.should be available in a colour that contrast with wax so that preparation margin can be seen5.wettable easily by wax6.should be compatible with impression material7.economical
Gypsum products
 Dental Materials
6
 
Model and Die Materials
Manufacture-
They are obtained from gypsum by the process of Calcination.1.Commercial gypsum is ground& heated to 110 to 120 *c. todrive off a part of the water of crystallization & form calciumsulfate hemihydrate.2.On further heating, the hemihydrate forms anhydrite due to theremoval of the remaining water.
Comparison of model plaster & dental stone
CriteriaModel plasterDental stone
ManufactureHeating gypsum in an openKettle at a temp of 110-120
°
C.Calcining gypsum under Steam pressure, in an autoclave at120- 130
°
C.Shape of crystalsSpongy & irregular.Dense& prismatic.Compressive strength90kg/cm 1300 psi210kg/cm 3000psiW: P ratio0.45-0.50.28-0.3Max.Setting expansion,at 2hr.0.3%0.2%Setting time(min)12+/-412+/-4Other names Beta- hemi hydrate Alpha hemi hydrate
 Dental Materials
7

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