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Model and Die Materials Final 1

Model and Die Materials Final 1

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Published by drkarthikmds

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Published by: drkarthikmds on Dec 22, 2009
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Model and Die Materials
A facsimile used for display purposes, a miniaturerepresentation of something, an example for imitation or emulation
The positive reproduction of the form of a prepared tooth inany suitable substance.
A life size likeness of some desired form. It is formed withinor is a material poured into a matrix or impression of a desiredform.
Types of Model & Die materials
1.Gypsum products:Model plaster-Beta hemi hydrate (type II)Dental stone -Alpha hemi hydrate (type III)Dental stone with high strength (type IV)Dental stone with high strength& setting expansion (type V)2.Metals: Electroformed or Electroplated, Sprayed metals, Amalgam3 .Polymers :Polyurethane, Epoxy resins.4 .Cements: Silicophosphate or poly acrylic acid bonded cements.5. Divestment
 Dental Materials
5Model & CastDie
Model and Die Materials
Selection factors
1 Material used for impression2 Purpose of use of the die or cast.
materialDie materia
Impression compoundPlaster/ stone/ Electroformed coppeAlginate/ AgarPlaster/Stone/ investmentRubber base materialsGypsum/ Electroformed/ Epoxy die
 Desirable Qualities of cast and die material 
1.accurate should reproduce fine details2.remain dimensionally stable3.strong ,durable ,resist abrasion4.should be available in a colour that contrast with wax so that preparation margin can be seen5.wettable easily by wax6.should be compatible with impression material7.economical
Gypsum products
 Dental Materials
Model and Die Materials
They are obtained from gypsum by the process of Calcination.1.Commercial gypsum is ground& heated to 110 to 120 *c. todrive off a part of the water of crystallization & form calciumsulfate hemihydrate.2.On further heating, the hemihydrate forms anhydrite due to theremoval of the remaining water.
Comparison of model plaster & dental stone
CriteriaModel plasterDental stone
ManufactureHeating gypsum in an openKettle at a temp of 110-120
C.Calcining gypsum under Steam pressure, in an autoclave at120- 130
C.Shape of crystalsSpongy & irregular.Dense& prismatic.Compressive strength90kg/cm 1300 psi210kg/cm 3000psiW: P ratio0.45-0.50.28-0.3Max.Setting expansion,at 2hr.0.3%0.2%Setting time(min)12+/-412+/-4Other names Beta- hemi hydrate Alpha hemi hydrate
 Dental Materials

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