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Wet Canvas Drawing 101 # 2 -- Eye Level - Foundation of Perspective

# Wet Canvas Drawing 101 # 2 -- Eye Level - Foundation of Perspective

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07/19/2013

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Basic 101: Class 2 - Foundation of Perspective
Eye Level: Foundation of PerspectiveThe source for this class can be found on Pages 15 through 19 of Rudy deReyna’s
How to Draw What You See
.Welcome to Class 2 of Basics 101. We are going to be covering theconcept of eye level as it pertains to the successful laying out ofperspective. The guest lecture series will take this class one step furtherwith an excellent section devoted to one, two and three point perspectives.I urge you to do these simple exercises first before moving into the lecturehall.Materials:1. # 2 pencil or pencil you used in the last class2. Paper—same as last class3. Feel free to use a ruler this time aroundExercise 1: To demonstrate the concept of eye level, lay on the floor onyou back. I did this in preparation for the class and woke up 45 minuteslater. Please do not follow my example and take a nap. Instead, look up ateverything around you and mentally break any objects that you see intogeometric objects - mentally eliminate the detail. Even though this seemsobvious, note that for most of theseobjects you will see the BOTTOMS ofthese shapes. Now, pick out anobject and sit up and keep your eyesFIXED on the chosen object. Notethat the object’s point of viewchanges as you raise to a sittingposition. Now keeping your eye onthe object, stand up slowly andcontinue to observe the change until

Basic 101: Class 2 - Foundation of Perspective
the tops of the object come into view. Eye level is THAT simple yet it issuch a natural occurrence for us that many of us (read ME) forget to makethis basic observation. If you can establish eye level, you can correctlywork out perspective. The level at which your eye views an object is calledthe “horizon” line. (Figure A) There are an infinite number of horizon lines.Vanishing PointsAt this point, having learned my lesson from the last class, I am going tolabel our images as figure A, B, C and so on.A vanishing point is an IMAGINARY point on the horizon line. There are aninfinite number of vanishing points and it is up to you to fix the vanishingpoint according to your viewpoint. Yourvanishing points will always be locatedON the horizon line (eye level) that youestablish. (See Figure B.) In one pointperspective, there is only one vanishingpoint. In two-point perspective thereare two vanishing points and so forth.You will find examples of these in theguest lecture area.The Cube In Perspective:Exercise 2: Follow these steps tocreate a cube in perspective (see alsofigure C).a. Draw a rectangle or a squareanywhere on your paper. This is thefront of your cube..b. Establish your horizon line (your eye

Basic 101: Class 2 - Foundation of Perspective
level) and lightly draw it on the paper (you can also just do this in your headas many of us are prone to do).c. Pick you vanishing point.d. Connect the lines running from each of the edged of the Square orRectangle to the vanishing point.e. Add lines parallel to the front of the cubes along the lines running to thevanishing point (see figure C on previous page).When you do this exercise, draw thecube several times using differentvanishing points and horizon lines(eye levels). (see Figure D.)The mighty cube is a perfect visualexample of the three dimensions:height, depth and width. If you canclearly define and then incorporatethese dimensions into the objects that you draw, then you will be able todraw realistically.Each dimension can vary. The height of the cube can be greater the depthor the width could be the biggest dimension of all three. Keeping this factin mind will speed up your progress as an artist.Exercise 3: Look about your home and locate four boxes. When you havefinished practicing the cubes, draw the boxes and add detail to them suchas packaging design or lettering (if it is on your box). Do several studies ofthese boxes with detail, but at different eye levels. Keep in mind eye level(horizon line) and vanishing point.Exercise 4: Taking your newfound artistic superpowers, draw and post the

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