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List of States and Union Territories of India by Population

List of States and Union Territories of India by Population

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Published by: KishanKumawat on Dec 23, 2009
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List of states and union territories of India by population
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Population density map of India.
Indiais a union of twenty-eightstatesand sevenunion territories.
 As of 2008, with an estimatedpopulation of 1.13billion, India is the world's second most populous countryafter thePeople's Republic of  China. India occupies 2.4 percent of theworld's land surface areabut is home to 16.9 percent of  theworld's population.
The Indo-Gangetic plains have one of the world’s biggest stretches of fertile flat- deepalluviumand are among the most densely populated areas of the world.Theeastern andwesterncoastal regions of Deccan plateauare also densely populated regions of India. TheThar desert in western Rajasthan is one of the most densely populated deserts in the world. The northern and north-eastern states along theHimalayascontain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys. These states have relatively less population density due to indomitable physical barriers.
Census of India
The first populationcensus inBritish Indiawas conducted in 1872. Since India's independencein 1947, a census has been carried out every 10 years, starting from 1951.
 The census in India is carried out bythe Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under theMinistry of Home Affairs,and is one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.
Latest population figures are based on data from the 2001 census of India.
During the decade of 1991–2001, India's annualpopulation growth ratehas slowed down from 2.14 to 1.93.
 Based on decennialcensus data, Nagaland shows the highest growth rate of 64.53 percent. It is followed by National CapitalTerritory of Delhi (47.02 percent), Chandigarh (40.28 percent) and Sikkim (33.06 percent). Keralarecorded the lowest growth rate of 9.43 percent.
India has 593,731 inhabited villages and 72.2 percent of the total population reside in these rural areas.
Of them 145,000 villages have population size of 500–999 persons; 130,000 villages have populationsize of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages thathave a population of 10,000 persons or more.
India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.
In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major citiescaused rapid increase in urban population.
On the basis of net migrants by last residence during thepast decade, Maharashtra had mostimmigrationwith 2.3 million, followed by National Capital Territory of Delhi (1.7 million), Gujarat (0.68 million) and Haryana (0.67 million). Uttar Pradesh (−2.6 million) andBihar (−1.7 million) topped the list for interstateemigration.
The five states of Uttar Pradesh,Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh account for almost half (48.84 percent) of the totalIndian population.
While the national avg for  sex ratio shows an increase from 927 in year 1991 to 933 in year 2001,
the2001 census shows a sharp decline inchild sex ratio, the number of females per thousand males in apopulation between age group 0–6 years.
States such as Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh andGujarat recorded a sharp decline in child sex ratio.
 National child sex ratio has declined from 945 in year 1991 to 927 in year 2001.
States and union territories of India by population
The total geographical area of India is 3,287,240 square kilometers (1,269,210.5 sq mi)
Populationdensity is rounded to the nearest integer.As per census data 2001, the total population of India is: 1,028,737,436. (Additional 127,108 of estimatedpopulation for Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur)
Subdivisions of IndiaRank State orunionterritory Population %
 Density (perkm²)Area mi²  Density(permi²)Sexratio 
1Uttar Pradesh166,197,92116.16%131,658,33934,539,582240,92869093,022.81,7878982Maharashtra96,878,6279.42%55,777,64741,100,980307,713315118,808.78159223Bihar 82,998,5098.07%74,316,7098,681,80094,16388136,356.52,2839194WestBengal80,176,1977.79%57,748,94622,427,25188,75290334,267.32,3409345AndhraPradesh76,210,0077.41%55,401,06720,808,940275,045277106,195.57189786Tamil Nadu62,405,6796.07%34,921,68127,483,998130,05848050,215.71,2439877MadhyaPradesh60,348,0235.87%44,380,87815,967,145308,245196119,014.15079198Rajasthan56,507,1885.49%43,292,81313,214,375342,239165132,139.2428921

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