Paniagua 2(Anzaldúa 3). Many blame
, the male-dominant repudiation of everything feminine, for the increased violence running rampant in these areas. Even after the
, or U.S.-owned manufacturing factories, changed the typical role of women in Mexico, violence reigned;in fact, women becoming providers instead of sole caretakers completely defied the status quo of many Latin American countries. A promise of a future drove the women from surrounding areasof Mexico to the City of Industry—they “[came] hoping for the best, but often [found] theworst,” (Newton 3). Nonetheless, as industry brought prosperity to dust-laden Ciudad Juárez, an increase of murders related to drugs and human trafficking occurred. However, in 1993 the pattern of murders changed drastically—there was a dramatic upswing in the number of young womenfound slain throughout the outskirts of the city. These women had been “raped, mutilated,crushed, strangled…some were even dismembered or burned alive,” (Washington). Their skinwas marred with bite marks & they had deep slashes across their breasts. Bound with their ownshoelaces & partially clothed, their shoes would be placed almost sentimentally beside their corpses—occasionally just bones, after desert jackals picked the flesh from their fragile bodies.“If you want to rape and kill a woman, there is no better place to do it than in Juárez,” saidEsther Chávez Cano, founder of
8 de Marzo
, in an opinion column during the fall of 1995.
is a Juárez-based woman’s advocacy organization dedicated to rousing awareness of notonly the killings, but also the corrupted officials (Rodriguez 72).Alma Mireya Chavirria Farel’s name rings in infamy just across the southern border. Her tiny, brutalized body was discovered on January 23, 1993, making her the first documentedvictim of the Juárez serial murders (Newton 4). Alma was a 5 year-old child, found in theCampestre Virreyes district of Ciudad Juárez with deep slashes across her chest, evidence of sexual assault, and severe strangulation. The people of Juárez were so aghast at the brutality of