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Chapter 7 - Basic Airworthiness

Chapter 7 - Basic Airworthiness

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Published by RuiCruz

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Published by: RuiCruz on Dec 24, 2009
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03/21/2011

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 BASIC GLIDING KNOWLEDGE December, 2001
85
CHAPTER 7 - BASIC AIRWORTHINESS
GLIDER CONSTRUCTIONWood
Wooden gliders are no longer made commercially and the skills necessary to manufacture andmaintain them are fast disappearing. There is nothing at all wrong with wooden gliders, apart from theabove comments, and there are still plenty of them in service all over the world. Typical timbers usedin glider construction are Spruce, Douglas Fir, Mahogany, Klinki Pine and Beech. Glues used inwooden gliders include Casein (a milk derivative), Resorcinol (a two-part synthetic glue requiringheat to cure the join) and nowadays one of the many Epoxy adhesives, such as Epiglue. Examples of wooden gliders flying in Australia are - Kookaburra and Boomerang (Australian), Skylark and Dart(British) and Ka6 (German).An example of wooden glider construction (Boomerang) is shown here.
2.0mm Plywood leading edge
 
Fibreglass fairing
 
Fabric covered rudder
 
All-flying tailplane
 
Pushrod controls
 
Moulded plywood
 
nose
 
Adjustable
 
rudder pedals
 
Fabric covered trailing edge
 
Aileron control horn
 
1mm plywood
 
covered aileronFibreglass sheathed wingtip
 
2mm plywood outer wing skin
 
2.5mm plywood wing skin
 
Fibreglass nose cone
 
 
Schneider ES 60 BOOMERANG
 
 
 BASIC GLIDING KNOWLEDGE December, 2001
86 
Combined wood/steel-tube
Some gliders combine wooden wings and tail, with a fuselage of welded steel-tube construction. Thesteel-tube fuselage is covered with fabric. The illustrations below show (i) the front fuselage sectionof a Scheibe Bergfalke 2/55, and (ii) a Schleicher Ka3.
(i)
 
(ii)
 
 BASIC GLIDING KNOWLEDGE December, 2001
87 
Metal
Metal gliders are usually constructed of riveted aluminium alloy, although special metal-to-metalbonding may also be used on some designs. Examples include Blanik (Czechoslovakia), IS28B2(Romania) and Pilatus B4 (Switzerland). The Pilatus B4 appears below: -

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