LEP3.1.01Thermal expansion in solids and liquids
PHYWE series of publications • Lab. Experiments • Physics • PHYWE SYSTEME GMBH • 37070 Göttingen, Germany23101
Linear expansion, volume expansion of liquids, thermal capa-city, lattice potential, equilibrium spacing, Grüneisen equation.
Principle and task
The volume expansion of liquids and the linear expansion ofvarious materials is determined as a function of temperature.
Dilatometer with clock gauge04233.001Copper tube for 04231.0104231.051 Aluminium tube for 04231.0104231.061Tube, quartz for 04231.0104231.071Immersion thermostat A10046994.931Cooling coil f.A10046994.011 Accessory set for A10046994.021Bath for thermostat, Makrolon08487.021Lab thermometer, -10…+100C38056.001Rubber tubing, i.d. 6 mm39282.002Syringe 1ml, Luer, 10 pcs02593.031Cannula 0.6
60 mm, Luer, 20 pcs02599.041Measuring tube, l 300 mm, NS19/2603024.002Wash bottle, plastic, 250 ml33930.001Flask, flat bottom, 50 ml, IGJ19/2635810.012Glass beaker, tall,100 ml36002.001Ethyl acetate250 ml30075.251Glycerol250 ml30084.251Olive oil, pure100 ml30177.101Laboratory balance w. RS 232, 310 g45025.931
1.To determine the volume expansion of ethyl acetate(C
, methylated spirit, olive oil, glycerol and water asa function of temperature, using the pycnometer.2.To determine the linear expansion of brass, iron, copper,aluminium, duran glass and quartz glass as a function oftemperature using a dilatometer.3.To investigate the relationship between change in lengthand overall length in the case of aluminium.
Set-up and procedure
1. The volume of the pycnometer is determined and the scalecalibrated by weighing it empty and then filled with destilledwater.The pycnometer, filled with the liquid to be measured, isbrought to temperature in the water bath (thermostat). Thechange in volume is read from the scale on the tube built intoits stopper.
Fig. 1: Experimental set-up for measuring thermal expansion.