Introduction to Cold Weather Gear – December, 2009www.CampingBlogger.net Page 3
The process of layering, then, is to createmultiple air pockets of insulation aroundthe body, while conducting perspirationout and away from the body. This was atall task just a few years ago, but modernadvances in synthetic fiber technology hasmade the principle effective and viable forall outdoor winter activities. The layering principle is comprised of the following threecategories:1.
A wicking layer that is both absorptive, pulling moisture away from the skin, andquick drying, passing the moisture on to the next layer. Look for polypropylene,Polartec® and polyester microfiber materials. The wicking concept also appliesto the feet, where a thin polypropylene sock, underneath a regular wool sock,can keep your feet dryer and warmer.2.
Insulation layer(s) need to trap the warm air created from body heat, but allowmoisture from perspiration to keep moving. Vests are popular insulation layer,either standalone or in combination with another insulation layer. Look forPolartec®, Windstopper® and PowerStrech® materials and wool.3.
An outer shell layer needs to be able to block wind and rain, but like the otherlayers, also needs to be able to breathe. Popular materials are Gore-Tex®,Cloudburst®, Trinity®, eVent® and Precip®.It is important to understand that theprinciple of layering is as much abouttemperature control as it is about theclothes. Well-designed cold weatherclothing is a tool that allows you toeasily contain or ventilate heat, while atthe same time allowing moisture toescape. Throughout the day, ourclothing requires continuous tuning,depending on our level of activity, andan individual piece of clothing’s ability tofacilitate this tuning is what separatesthe quality garments from the cheap stuff.
A layering system includes a
layer and anouter