and that the
district of Tayk
own district (IV, xviii).
By theinformation of P'awstos', the
wascalled Eraxani (IV, xviii).
Eraxani was located in the vicinity of the modemtown Erkinis on the east bank of the Choruh north of its junction with theOltu cayi (10, 462). As to the Georgian tradition the territory north of the junction of the Chorokhi and the Oltisis tskali is known under the name of
"Geography of Armenia"
by an anonymous author of the 7thcentury A.D. this territory was mentioned under the name
Tzakatk (V, 22, xiii).
Both these terms,
seem to be connected with theetnonyme
In accordance with the
"Geography of Armenia"
appears to be the same as
is an old name of the land of the Lazians. By the aboveStrabo's statement, the Chalybes were known at his times under the name of
Chaldeans (XI, III, 19)
and Carenitida - the land located immediately southof Tao - was taken by the Armenians from Chalybes
(11 ,14, 5).
By the"Geography of Armenia", Tzaniw, which is Xaltik, together with Marniwliw,Egrewikiw
and Xaziw belongs to the Eger, which is Colchis
though Tayk is bordering Eger
Tao/Taik was extending southwards as far as thesource of the Euphrates. On the right bank of the upper flow of the Dumlu-su (which flows to the south from the Dumlu Dağ),
the source stream of the Kara-su (the Northern Euphrates), is located the well-known medieval place
Gurci Boğaz -
the Georgian Pass. The territories in the north of it wereconsidered by the Turks as Georgian (and after the sixteenth century asformer Georgian) lands. But the connection
of the Georgian tradition withthe Anatolian world was much more far-reaching.
According to the Georgian tradition, the main protector of Georgians, St.George and St. Nino, the Illuminatrix of Iberia
(Eastern Georgia), wereof Cappadocian origin. As to the information of Georgian chronicles, thename of the father
of the mythical eponymousancestors of Armenians and Georgians, was
This information isobviously in connection with the data of the Armenian and Greek writers asto whom
is the ancestor of the Armenians (Agathangelos, 76; Chor.,
9, 10, 12;
(See 22, 88-94; 42, 74n.3).
One of the main river of Tao, the Tortomis-tskali (Tortum Deresi), takes its coursefrom the same mountain, but northwards.
The Greek name for Georgians,
connected with the above-mentionedArmenian ethnonym -
If we correlate Strabo's information about the trade routeto India through the Colchis and Iberia
(XI, V, 8)
with that of Herodotus (
whoknows the route from Phasis through Colchis, Saspeires and Media to Persia andIndian Ocean, the identification of the Saspeires with the Iberians would become quite