He, the Exalted, the Most Wise, is described as having perfect wisdom and perfect judgmentbetween His creatures. Thus, the Most-wise is He who has vast knowledge and understandingof the beginnings of all matters and their ending. He is vast in His praise, perfect in Hispower and abundant in His mercy. He is the One who puts things in their (proper) places andsettles them in their suitable position according to His creation and His command. He cannotbe questioned (concerning what He does) and He cannot be criticized regarding His Wisdom.
His Wisdom Is Of Two Types:
One of them
is His wisdom concerning His creation. For verily, He createdthe creation in Truth comprising all of the Truth. His aim and His intention indoing so was truth. He created all of the creatures with the best organizationand He arranged them in the most perfect arrangement. He gave every creationa created form that is suitable for it. He even gave each part of the parts of thecreatures, and every limb from the limbs of the animals, its form and its shape.No one sees in His creation any mistake, deficiency or shortcoming. If theintellects of all of creation, from the first of them to the last of them, gatheredtogether to invent something like the creation of the Most Beneficent (Allah)or anything close to what He has placed in existence of perfection,organization and excellence, they would not be able to do so, how could theyhave any power to do anything like this? It is sufficient enough that theintelligent and wise ones amongst them know much of His Wisdom and theydiscover some of the beauty and perfection of His Wisdoms. This is somethingknown with certainty due to what is known of His magnificence, and theperfection of His attributes and the results of His Wisdoms in the creation andthe command. Verily, He challenges His slaves and commands them to look and look again, and to notice whether they find any defect or deficiency in Hiscreation. Their vision will return to them weary, dim and unable to find ablemish in anything of His creations.2.
The second type
is the wisdom in His legislation and command. For verily,He legislates the laws, reveals the scriptures and sends the messengers so thatthe slaves may know Him and worship Him. So what wisdom can be greaterthan this? And what bounty and generosity can be more magnificent than this?For verily, the awareness of Him, worshipping Him alone without any partner,doing deeds solely for Him, praising Him, thanking Him and lauding Him arethe best gifts from Him to His slaves. This is the greatest bounty for whoeverAllah favors with it. This is the most perfect pleasures and joy for the heartsand the souls. Likewise, this is the only cause of attaining eternal happinessand everlasting pleasure. If there were not in His command and His legislationanything other than this great wisdom-which is the foundation of good acts,the most perfect of pleasures, and because of it the creation was created, therewards will be deserved and Paradise and Hell-fire were created then it wouldbe sufficient and healing.Along with this, His legislation and His religion contain every good. Thus, His information(concerning His religion) fills the hearts with knowledge, conviction, faith and correct creedof beliefs. The hearts can remain firm with this (wisdom) and their deviation is removed, It(this wisdom) harvests every beautiful character, righteous deed, correct guidance andsensible conduct. His commands and prohibitions revolve around the goal of this wisdom and