See also: Speech balloon
Comic book captions are a narrativedevice, often used to convey information that cannot becommunicated by the art or speech. Captions can be used in place of
, can be in the first- second- or third- person, and can either be assigned to an independent narrator or one of the comics' characters. Simply put, they are:"Boxes on a comic book page that contains text... Whilesometimes used to convey dialogue, they are more oftenused to impart a character's thoughts or as a narrativedevice."
, they need not be of uniform shape, size,design or color (indeed, some modern comics use differentcolors to assign different textual captions to differentcharacters).
Motion lines, also known as "speed lines", are lines that are usedto represent motion. Like in some pictures if a person or someother mobile thing in moving the 'Motion Lines' will follow inshort, straight lines behind it.
The gutter is the space between borders.Scott McCloud identified the gutter as one of the most important narrative toolsin comics, invoking as it does a procedure McCloud defined asclosure.
Mort Walker defined in his book
, theiconic representations used within comics and cartooning as"symbolia".
Examples being thelightbulbabove a character'shead to indicate an idea, the indication of sleep by a saw cuttinga log or a line of "zzzz",Kirby dots, and the use of dotted lines