Basic concepts of Ayurvedic pharmacology
Herbs occupy the important place in the Ayurvedic Materia Medicaand therapeutics. Though the drugs that are employed in the management of various diseases include vegetable, animal and mineral in origin, the polyherbal formulations out number the mineral and other metallic preparations. The modern scientists of phytochemistry have identified thefollowing important pharmacologically active principles in medicinal plantsviz.a.
Alkaloids (Basic substances containing cyclic nitrogen, which areinsoluble in water but combine with acids to form water soluble salts) b.
Glycosides (Ether like combinations of sugars with other organicstructures)c.
Glucosides (Yields glucose on acid hydrolysis)d.
Oils (Fixed oils, volatile oils and mineral oil)e.
Resins (insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol)f.
Oleoresins (mixtures of volatile oils and resins)g.
Gums (secretory products of plants and are dispersible in water)h.
Tannins (Non-nitrogenous plants constituents and precipitate proteinsof cells)i.
Antibacterial substances fungi and moulds.In the current modern therapeutics the majority of the drugs that areused belong to synthetic in nature.In the modern pharmacology the drug action is quite often correlatedwith its chemical structure or active principle. But in Ayurvedic pharmacology the drug action is attributed to certain principles/attributes