Civil Aviation Training Institute, Hyderabad-Pakistan
Navigation systems are the basis for an aircraft's ability to get from oneplace to another and know where it is and what course to follow. It'smore than just maps. The closest thing today's automobiles come to anaviation navigation system is the "navigation center" some automobilescome with. These computers establish an automobile's position viasatellite and place the position on a moving map. Intelligenceprogrammed into the system allows the driver to navigate to destinationby executing instructions provided by the system.Historically, aircraft navigated by means of a set of ground-basedbeacons, each broadcasting on its own frequencies. Aircraft systemscould tune into the frequencies of two of these beacons and fly betweenthem (
the next). Knowing where the aircraft isbetween two of these beacons allows the aircraft to know where it is in aglobal sense. Since the 1980s, aircraft systems have evolved towardsthe use of satellite navigation.