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Introduction to Pc Components

Introduction to Pc Components

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Published by: VIKALP KULSHRESTHA on Dec 27, 2009
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Vocational Training Course-2008
Introduction to Computer Science
Computer is the need of every business in the world. Computer science is thesystematic study of the information and the computing systems and theiimplementation. There are different subjects and departments in computer sciencesuch as software development, object oriented programming, computer networking,web development, computer hardware, operating systems, robotics, quantumcomputing, databases, software engineering, artificial intelligence, appliedmathematics, computer graphics, data structures and data communication systemsetc. Computer science is a widely readable subject in all over the world.
Introduction to PC Components
Here you will learn basic pc components, networking devices, ram, vga, monitor andprinter etc. Computer hardware is the physical part of the computer including thedigital circuits inside the computer as opposed to the software that carry out thecomputing instructions. The hardware of a computer is unlikely to change frequentlyunless due to the crash or for upgrading them. The devices that is capable of storing,executing system instructions and controlling other logical outputs.Hardware comprises all of the physical part of the computer such as Monitor, CPU,motherboard, ram, CD-Rom, printer, scanner, hard disk, flash drive (AKA pen drive),processor, pci buses, floppy disk, power supply, VGA card, sound card, networkinterface card, peripherals, joystick, mouse, keyboard, foot pedal, computer fan,camera, headset and others.On the other hard software is a logical part of a computer and is used to carry out theinstructions, storing, executing and developing other software programs. A typicalPC consists of a case or chassis in the desktop or tower case and thesecomponents.Motherboard• CPU• Computer Fan• RAM
AIR GWALIOR C.P.Harikumar-2008
Vocational Training Course-2008
• BIOS• Digital Circuitry• Computer Fan• PCI Slots
PC Buses
• PCI• USB• Hyper-transport• AGP• ISA• EISA• VLB
• CD-Rom• DVD-Rom• Combo box• Joystick• BD-Rom drive
Internal storage
• Hard disk (ATA & SATA)• Data array controller • Floppy disk
Other Peripheral Devices
• Mouse• Modems• Digital Camera• Sound, Video Cards• Printer 
Output Devices
• Printer • Scanner • Monitor • Speakers• Headset• Video output devices
CPU (Central Processing Unit):
CPU or central processing unit relates to a specificor processor. The performance of the computer is determined by the CPU chip(processor speed) and the other computer circuitry. Currently, the Pentium chip(processor) is the most popular even though there are other chips available in themarket today such as AMD, Motorola and others. The clocks speed becomes mostimportant factor in determining the performance of a computer. The motherboardcontains the hardware circuitry and connections that allow the different hardwarecomponents of the PC to interact and communicate with each other. Most computer 
AIR GWALIOR C.P.Harikumar-2008
Vocational Training Course-2008
software is being developed for the latest processors so it would be difficult to usethe older systems.
Hard Disk Drives
 – Disk drive is the mechanism to run the disks. All disks need adrive to get the information, read it and put it back to the disks. Hard disk is used tostore the data permanently. Often the terms disk and drive used to describe thesame thing but it should be clear that a disk is a storage device.
– A modem is used for the modulation and demodulation of the data that istransferred through the modem and the telephone lines. Modem translates the datafrom digital to analog from analog to digital. Because on the telephone lines data cantravel in the form of the analog signals and in the computer data transmits in the formof digital signals. Modems are measured by the speed, which is called baud rate.The typical baud rate is 56Kb.
 – The keyboard is used to type something or input information to thecomputer. There are different designs and models of the keyboards in the market.The most common layout of the keyboard is QWERTY layout. A standard keyboardhas 101 keys and embedded keys.
Video cards-
Video cards allow computer to display video, graphics and animation.Some video cards allow computers to display television. A video card with a digitalvideo camera allows users to produce live video. A high speed broadband internetconnection is required to watch the videos on net.
Network cards:
Network interface cards allow PCs to connect with each other andcommunicate. Every network computer is required to have a NIC card. NIC cards arerequired both in wired and wireless networking.
There are two broad types of cables internal cables, which are embeddedon the mother board circuit that performs the communication between the devicesand CPU. The other types of the cables are the network cables like coaxial cable,CAT 5, Ethernet cables. These cables are used for the communication purposesbetween the devices or computers.
 – Memory is the one of the important piece of the hardware. Sometimesmemory chip memory is confused with the hard disk memory. Sometimesunallocated space of the hard disk is used as virtual memory also known as pagefile. This type of memory is a temporary memory and is used actual memory is lessand requires some additional memory to perform a specific task.
RAM (Random Access Memory)
RAM is a memory that is being used by thecomputer to store the information temporarily. For example when some work isperformed on some applications that work is temporarily stored in the RAM. MoreRAM in the computer more faster computer works. Today at least requirement of amodern PC is 64 RAM. RAM is in the form of a chip and different vendors havedeveloped the RAM of different capacities.
 – Every modern computer requires a mouse for faster operations. Generallya mouse has two buttons left and right to perform different functions. One type of the
AIR GWALIOR C.P.Harikumar-2008

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