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Michail Bakunin-Writings

Michail Bakunin-Writings

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Published by: Adrian on Dec 27, 2009
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07/10/2014

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Michail Bakuni
Writings
1867–1871
The Anarchist Library
 
Contents
1 The Policy of the Council (1869). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 The Organization of the International (1869). . . . . . . . . . 63 The Workers and the Sphinx (1867). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Solidarity in Liberty: The Workers’ Path to Freedom (1867). 135 The Red Association (1870). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 The Class War (1870). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 The German Crisis (1870). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 On the Social Upheaval (1870). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 God or Labor: The Two Camps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2610 Politics and the State (1871). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2911 The Commune, the Church and the State. . . . . . . . . . . . 3112 Where I Stand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Unconditional Freedom. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41Two Methods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
 
Chapter 1
The Policy of the Council(1869)
The Council of Action does not ask any worker if he is of a religious or atheisticturn of mind. She does not ask if he belongs to this or that or no politicalparty. She simply says: Are you a worker? If not, do you feel necessity of devoting yourself wholly to the interests of the working class, and of avoidingall movements that are opposed to it? Do you feel at one with the workers?And have you the strength in you that is requisite if you would be loyal to theircause? Are you aware that the workers who create all wealth who have madecivilization and fought for liberty — and domed to live in misery, ignorance, andslavery? Do you understand that the main root of all the evils that the workersexperience, is poverty? And that poverty which is the common lot of theworkers in all parts of the world — is a consequence of the present economicorganization of society, and especially of the enslavement of labor — i.e. theproletariat — under the yoke of capitalism — i.e. the bourgeoisie.Do you know that between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie there exists adeadly antagonism which is the logical consequence of the economic positions of the two classes? Do you know that the wealth of the bourgeoisie is incompatiblewith the comfort and liberty of the workers, because their excessive wealth is,and can only be, built upon the robbing and enslavement of the workers? Doyou understand that, for the same reason, the prosperity and dignity of thelaboring masses inevitably demands the entire abolition of the bourgeoisie? Doyou realize that no single worker, however intelligent and energetic he may be,can fight successfully against the excellently organized forces of the bourgeoisie— a fore which is upheld mainly by the organization of the State — all States.Do you not see that, in order to become a power, you must unite — not withthe bourgeoisie, which would be a folly and a crime, since all the bourgeoisie,so far as they belong to their class, are our deadly enemies? — Nor with suchworkers as have deserted their own cause and have lowered themselves to begfor the benevolence of the governing classes? But with the honest men, whoare moving, in all sincerity, towards the same goal as you? Do you understand,against the powerful combinations, formed by the privileged classes the capital-ists or possessors of the means and instruments of production and distribution,the divided or sectarian associations of labor, can ever triumph? Do you not3

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