Information of elaksamana
quadratic equations, which established him as the founder of Algebra. The veryname Algebra was derived from his famous book al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah.Similarly, he developed the decimal system so that the overall system of numerals that is known as algorithm, is named after him. He developed in detailtrigonometric tables containing the sine functions, which were probablyextrapolated to tangent functions by Maslama. The development of astronomicaltables by him was a significant contribution to the science of astronomy. Thecontribution of Khawarizmi to geography is also out-standing, in that he not onlyrevised Ptolemy’s views on geography, but also corrected them in detail as wellas his map of the world. Several of his books were translated into Latin in theearly 12th century. In fact, his book on arithmetic, Kitab al-Jam’a wal-Tafreeq bilHisab al-Hindi, was lost in Arabic but survived in a Latin translation. His book onalgebra, al-Maqala fi Hisab-al Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah, was also translated intoLatin in the 12th century, and it was this translation which introduced this newscience to the West. Several of his books were readily translated into a number of languages, and, in fact, became textbooks for universities till the 16th century.Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan al-Battani al-Harrani. He was bornaround 858 C.E. in Harran, and according to one account, in Battan, a state of Harran. Battani was a famous astronomer, mathematician and astrologer. Hiswell-known discovery is the remarkably accurate determination of the solar year as being 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 24 seconds, which is very close tothe latest estimates. Al-Battani determined with remarkable accuracy the lengthof the seasons and the true and mean orbit of the sun. He proved, in sharpcontrast to Ptolemy, the variation of the apparent angular diameter of the sun andthe possibility of annular eclipses. In mathematics, he was the first to replace theuse of Greek chords by sine, with a clear understanding of their superiority. Healso developed the concept of co-tangent and furnished their table in degrees.He wrote a number of books on astronomy and trigonometry. His most famousbook was his astronomical treatise with tables, which was translated into Latin inthe 12th century and flourished as De scienta stellerum - De numeris stellerum etmotibus. An old translation of this is available at the Vatican. His Zij was, in fact,more accurate than all others written in his time. His treatise on astronomy wasextremely influential in Europe till the renaissance, with translations available inseveral languages. His original discoveries both in astronomy and trigonometrywere of great consequence in the development of these sciences later on.